Buxton is a market town ( market town ) and summer resort in the English county of Derbyshire in the UK.


The town of Buxton is in the northwest of Derbyshire in the High Peak district administration at the borders of the counties of Staffordshire and Cheshire. With its altitude of about 1,000 feet (307 meters) it is considered the highest Market Town of England and is situated in the Peak District on the River Wye, just outside the boundaries of the local national parks. It is located about 40 km southeast of Manchester, 43 km south-west of Sheffield and 56 miles north-west of Derby.

The local spas have been used by the Romans and known as Aquae Arnemetiae, named after the revered goddess of healing Arnemetia here. The town flourished in the late 18th century, when the Dukes of Devonshire had developed the town, and again in the late 19th century in the Victorian era.

Among the attractions of the city include:

  • The Crescent (built 1780-1784 ), a large building in the city center, built after the presentation of the Royal Crescent in Bath
  • Buxton Opera House (1903), an opera house
  • Devonshire Dome, originally a hospital, now a campus of the University of Derby
  • Pavilion Gardens, a large city park in the city center
  • Natural Baths, at the site of the original Roman spas
  • Poole 's Cavern, a show cave in the south of the city

The city is also a starting point for various destinations in the Peak District.


There is a rail link towards Stockport and Manchester Buxton train station, with a journey time of one hour to Manchester Piccadilly. The former railway line to Derby is abandoned today, although there are long-term plans to rebuild it. In addition, the city is a road junction with the main road A6, A53 and A515.

The nearest international airport is Manchester International.


Buxton has been twinned with Oignies in France and Bad Nauheim in Germany.