Chinese Taipei (English for, Chinese Taipei '; Chinese中华 台北/中华 台北, Pinyin Zhōnghuá Taibei, Taibei Tongyong Pinyin Jhonghua ) is an International Olympic Committee (IOC ) constructed name of the Republic of China on Taiwan to join international organizations and at international attend events. Background is the diplomatic pressure that the People's Republic of China exerts on the Republic of China for Taiwan conflict. The UN and all member countries to 23 countries pursue the one-China policy, which means a non- recognition of the independence of the Republic of China. Taipei is the capital of the Republic of China.
The People's Republic of China does not recognize the Republic of China as the independent state, but declared its territory as Taiwan Province of the People's Republic. This policy prosecuting, the People's Republic, the Republic tried to prevent them from using their actual name "Republic of China ", as there is a conceptual overlap with the word " China" are to the People's Republic. It is called "one- China" policy. ( The overlap was also territorial. Refer Taiwan conflict. )
In the 1970s and 1980s, the Republic of China was often degraded or excluded from international organizations, after the People's Republic joined them. The Republic refused to be now referred to as "Taiwan, China", as the name implies, that they were part of the People's Republic and be governed by it. During this time, the dictatorial Kuomintang government also rejected the name "Taiwan " and " Formosa ", because they still had aspirations to represent the whole of China as the sole legitimate government and to govern. Due to its neutral name of Chinese Taipei was chosen.
In November 1979, the IOC and thereafter every other international sport associations recognized the National Olympic Committee of Taiwan as a National Olympic Committee of Chinese Taipei (Chinese中华 奥林匹克 委员会/中华 奥林匹克 委员会, pinyin Zhōnghuá Àolínpǐkè Wěiyuánhuì, German National Olympic Committee of the Chinese Taipei ). All sports teams or athletes from Taiwan competed under the name Chinese Taipei. The new flag was used for all subsequent Olympic Games and Paralympics, Deaflympics and other international events since the 1984 Summer Olympics.
The flag, however, is not always recognized as such. During the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville / France, CBS used the flag of the Republic of China with the official " TPE " country code. In 2004, at the Summer Olympic Games of the Australian Baseball Federation showed on its website the waving flag of the Republic of China.
Both sides - the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China - accepted the name " Chinese Taipei ". This is only by the ambiguity of the adjective "Chinese " (Eng. Chinese) possible, which does not contain any political statement. The People's Republic translates the name as " Zhongguo Taipei " (中国 台北Chinese /中国 台北, Pinyin Zhōngguó Taibei ). Zhongguo is actually the name for the State of China, which implies that Taipei is part of China. In return, the Republic translates the name as " Zhonghua Taipei " (中华 台北chinese /中华 台北, Pinyin Zhōnghuá Taibei ), meaning " Chinese " is more important in terms of ethnicity and culture, less than a state.
The name " Chinese Taipei " is now used in politically less affected areas. Schedules of official websites such as the airport, Los Angeles or San Francisco outwit the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport as " Taipei, Chinese Taipei ." The People's Republic has more religious and social organizations such as the Lions Club made to adapt the name " Chinese Taipei ".
In 2000 it abolished the People's Republic, to bring the organization of Miss Universe to the "Miss Taiwan 2000," "Miss Chinese Taipei 2000 ' rename. Three years later, at the Miss Universe pageant in Panama the Miss China and Miss Taiwan ran for the first time next to each other, which the People's Republic of same drive to cause the failure Taiwan rename again in Miss Chinese Taipei. The result was the famous picture of the crying Szu - Yu Chen as Miss Chinese Taipei, who wore both belts as Miss Taiwan and Miss Chinese Taipei. Nowadays, a Miss Universe or Miss World contestant from Taiwan may no longer compete with the band "Taiwan". An exception was the Miss Earth - election in 2005, when Li Fan Lin was allowed to compete as Miss Taiwan. After a week of pageant her band of "Taiwan" has been upgraded to " Taiwan ROC ". For this step, there was no backlash against the People's Republic.
The title of Chinese Taipei is easy to assume that " Taipei " was a country. To counteract this confusion, replaced some news agencies the name Chinese Taipei by Taiwan if the reports were international organizations. In sports events, the team as a team Zhonghua (Chinese中华 队/中华 队, Pinyin Zhōnghuá DUI) are presented.
During the 2004 Summer Olympics, there was a movement in Taiwan, to denote the Taiwanese team as such, literally. The established TV station Taiwan Television ( TTV ) did this as a first since 2004. Currently, there are also several cable television networks, the Taiwanese team as Zhonghua Team (Chinese中华 队/中华 队, Pinyin Zhōnghuá DUI) and Chinese teams as Zhongguo team (Chinese中国 队 /中国 队, Pinyin Zhōngguó DUI) announce.
Contrary to the Taiwanese label showcase Chinese TV station the Taiwanese team as " Zhongguo Taibei team." (Chinese中国 台北 队/中国 台北 队, Pinyin Zhōngguó Taibei DUI, English Chinese Taipei team )
The International Children's Games 2005, the National Geographic World Championship, Major League Baseball and the World Baseball Classic in 2006, the name Chinese Taipei was used.
Other names for Taiwan
The United Nations officially designate Taiwan as always "Taiwan, Province of China" ( engl. Taiwan, Province of China ), which have adapted some websites. Other organizations such as the World Trade Organisation speak of " Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Jinmen and Mazu " (English Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu ) or also referred to as " Chinese Tapei " because the official term is too bulky. As a founding member of the Asian Development Bank, the Republic was continued as "Republic of China " to the People's Republic joined in 1986. The pressure of the People's Republic of yielding, the name has now been changed to " Taipei, China".
The World Scout Organization is one of the few organizations that are more than " China" and its members as the Scouts of China ( Scouts of China ), the Republic of China since the People's Republic has no scouts. More old diplomatic allies designate the Republic continue as China, such as the Vatican. At the funeral of John Paul II, the Taiwanese President Chen Shui -bian ( president of Cameroon ) was placed as head of state of China next to Marisa Letícia ( wife of Brazilian President da Silva ) and Paul Biya.
Gallery of flags on different occasions
Paralympic Flag of Chinese Taipei
Deaflympics Flag of Chinese Taipei
The baseball team badge
Flag of Chinese Taipei IYPT