When Sund is referred to in the Baltic region and in Norway a narrow strait or whose narrowest part. Many of these Sunde are named after the island, which separate it from the mainland or an island larger neighbor. Straits called Belt is only available in Denmark or at the border.
The word sound can be derived from the Old Norse verb sundr. It means " separate " or " split ", see German (ab) but. In the modern Scandinavian languages , the verb is called sondre. In Swedish there are also sönder "fractured". Thus, a sound would be a land separation or fracture gap.
In any case, all Sunde Europe's coastal sea routes. In North America, New Zealand and the names of some fjord-like bays sound, which deviates from the European importance. In Scotland, besides numerous straits are also called two fjords sound.
Denmark and southern Baltic Sea
With the standing phrase " Belts and Sound ," the three straits are meant to connect the inland sea Baltic Sea with the Kattegat, so a bay of the ocean:
- Little Belt, Danish Little Belt (bridges since 1935 )
- Great Belt, Danish Great Belt ( railroad tunnel since 1997, highway bridge since 1998)
- Öresund, Danish Øresund (tunnel -bridge combination since 2000)
The Belts form a Y-shaped system of straits between the Danish island of Zealand ( Sjælland ) and from Jutland ( Jylland ) and Schleswig -Holstein existing Cimbrian peninsula.
Where there is a Belt and Sund parallel to each other, Belt refers to the wider strait, Sund shortlisted:
- Alsen ( As ) between Flensburg Bay ( bridge in special / Sønderborg ) and
- Alsenbelt (southern part of the Little Belt ). In Denmark, this counts as part of the Little Belt ( Little Belt ).
- Fehmarn ( bridge since 1963) and
- Fehmarn Belt, also Femerbelt, Danish until 2001 Bælt furthermore, now Femern ( between Fehmarn and Lolland, common sequel of Great and Small Belt, fixed Fehmarn crossing planned)
- Langeland between Langelandsund ( separated Langeland of Funen / Fyn and Taasinge ) and
- Langelandsbælt ( separated Langeland of Lolland, south of the Great Belt)
- Sound and
- Great Belt
- Middelfart Sund ( old name for Snævringen, the narrow, winding section of the Little Belt ) and Alsenbelt one hand, and
- Great Belt on the other hand
All listed Sunde nowadays of piers (eastern leg Öresund bridge, western leg of the tunnel) crosses, except on bridges to umfahrenden Grønsund.
- The northern extension of the Great Belt between the lying in the Kattegat island of Samsø and the sjællandischen Peninsula Røsnæs (as well as the north adjacent Sejerø ) is called Samsø Bælt.
- A significant Sund without parallel Belt is the Stralsund between the island of Rügen and Vorpommern mainland.
In Denmark, there are still a number of other Sunde:
- The Masnedsund between areas located on the island Storstrømmen Masnedø and Zeeland
- Agersø Sound between Zealand and Agersø and Omø sound between Omø and Agersø
- Alrø the sound between the islands and Alrø Hjarnø in Horsens Fjord
- The Grønsund between Falster and Møn Bogø the one hand and on the other hand
- Several constrictions of the Limfjord: Aggersund, Feggesund, Oddesund, Vilsund ( pronunciation [ vilsun ˀ ] ), Salling Sund Sund and Nees
At the Norwegian fjord coast there are other than " typical" fjords, bays so with only one entrance, and " fjords ", which are defined partly or entirely of islands. There, the narrow passages often called Sound. At some spots, the rear ends of two funnel-shaped " fjords " by a " Sound " are connected. Thus, the piecewise Lofoten, Vesterålen piecewise attributed island Hinnøy by the Tjeldsundet Separated from the mainland ( the Tjeldsundet connects vestfjord and Vågsfjord ) and by Raftsund, Sortlandsund, Risøysund and Toppsund from the neighboring islands.
While Sund is mainly as a strait in Norwegian, so sundet, there is the grammatically masculine form as lakes name. That's the name of the source lake Glomma Aursunden.
" Belt" in the Song of Germany
The term Belt is also used in the first verse of the song Germany. The song was sealed in 1841. At that time, the Duchy of Schleswig did not belong to Germany, but since the formation of states at times as a fief, at times directly to Denmark. Although Holstein belonged to the German Confederation and had previously part of the Holy Roman Empire, but also was under Denmark, since the Roman Emperor Frederick III. it had given to the King of Denmark as a fief. Since Holstein was completely and partially in German Schleswig, Schleswig -Holstein was claimed by a German movement. In the German -Danish War of 1864 Schleswig -Holstein was conquered by the German Confederation, initially co-managed two years by Prussia and Austria, then incorporated in 1866 as a province of Prussia with the dissolution of the German Confederation. Only since the cession of North Schleswig to Denmark in 1920 corresponds to the German - Danish border about the language border.
- Germany: among others Topographic Maps 1:100,000
- Denmark: General and Others 1:200,000 map
- Norway: chapels 1:325.000
- Baltic Sea