Template: Infobox Island / Maintenance / image missing
Langeland [ lɑŋəlanʔ ] is a 52- km long and up to 11 km wide island in the Baltic Sea Region Syddanmark in Denmark. It is accessible via a bridge system that includes the islands of SiO and Taasinge and to the northwest location Fyn ( Eng.: Funen ) is attached. The island of Langeland forms, with 12,644 inhabitants ( 1 January 2013) to 283.84 km ² at the same time also an area (since the municipal reform of 2007 ). To the east of Langeland extends the Langelandsbæltet. He is a southern extension of the Great Belt, which forms one of the Danish Baltic Approaches. Langeland is part of the island world of the so-called Danish South Sea ( in Danish: Sydfynske Ohav ).
Geography, administration and transport
The 284 km ² island of Langeland was divided initially into two Harden, the North ( Langeland Nørre Herred ) and the Südharde ( Langeland Sønder Herred ) in Svendborg office, with the municipal reform in 1970 from north to south into three historic counties ( municipalities) divided were that belonged to the former Funen:
As part of the Danish administrative reform on 1 January 2007, these three municipalities were merged to Langeland municipality.
Villages of the island
On the island are the following parishes (Danish: Sogn ) and villages with over 200 inhabitants ( byer as defined by the Danish Bureau of Statistics ), with a registered population of zero, the place in the past had more than 200 inhabitants. In the village Tryggelev this was most recently in the case in 2009, in the table, this is marked A. The island Strynø Kalv is uninhabited since 1970. The former church district " Bagenkop Kirkedistrikt ", which was in the area of Sogn Magleby, became independent on October 1, 2010 Bagenkop Sogn.
Tourist points of interest in South Langeland include the Ristinge - cliff in sight of the island and the lighthouse Ærø Keldsnor Fyr near the fishing and sailing port Bagenkop at the southern tip of the island. Here is the Langelandsfort, a military base during the Cold War, it lost its importance after its end. It was in 1993 converted into a museum, in which, among other things, two fighter jets ( Saab J -35 Draken and MIG -23) can be visited.
Langeland is interesting by a series of prehistoric monuments. Among them stand the passage graves and dolmens in Skovtofte, in Ravnebjerg Skov in Tvedeskov in Herslev, the megaliths of Frellesvig, the barrows of Løkkeby and Kong Humbles Grav the dolmens at Ristinge Nor, Pæregård and Myrebjerg and Hulbjerg in the extreme south out for sure. Add to this the grave hill in the forest of Bremlevænge that stone ship in Konabbe Skov and the settlements Lindø and Troldebjerg.
Langeland there are about 690 single hills, which stand out clearly in spite of their relatively low height of only 10 to 20 meters from the surrounding flat landscape. This hat-shaped hill (Danish: hatbakker ) form a unique landscape and shape are the outstanding scenic element of the island. The hills extend in a long line over the entire island, with the exception of Ristinge Peninsula. The range of hills continues in the Great Belt into it and performs in an arc of Lohals to Korsør on Zealand. The hills consist mainly of deposited by meltwater from glacial glacier gravel and sand, the layers stand upright and inclined towards the center of the hill down.
To date, there is no reliable statement about the origin of this Huthügel. It is possible that they originated from small lakes that have formed on the front part of a stalled glacier. In this section of the glacier itself columns formed in a checkered pattern, a phenomenon which is designated by the Russian word " krevasser ". There, where the columns meet at right angles, there was a small sink. From the melt water from the glacier gravel, sand and clay were shipped into the pelvis. The other less active part of the glacier came at a later date to the stagnant ice with its lakes and drove over it. The layers were folded and shaved the tops of these folds. Some sites were covered with glacial till. When the ice melted, the hills remained on a flat surface in a long line.
Another geological attraction is Keldsnor in the extreme south of the island. It is a Strandsee that has emerged from an earlier bay which was cut off by a rocky spits and beach ridges from the open sea.
The most famous son of the island is the discoverer of electromagnetism Hans Christian Ørsted.