Dimitrovgrad (Russian Димитровград ) is a large city with 122 580 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ) in the Ulyanovsk Oblast in Russia.
It is located north of the mouth of the River Great Cheremshan ( Bolshoi Cheremshan ) in the largest tributary of the Kuibyshev Reservoir of the Volga River, about 80 km east of the regional capital of Ulyanovsk and 119 km north of the city of Samara. The nearest town is Sengilei on the right bank of the Kuibyshev Reservoir, about 60 air line kilometers southwest of Dimitrovgrad.
As a founding year of Dimitrovgrad 1698 applies, as in the present-day city was a first settlement of the Chuvash. This settlement was called Melekess (Russian Мелекесс ) after the river, whose name in turn originates from the Turkic languages . In the 1730s a state liquor factory was built near the village, around which later formed a little village of laborers and merchants. Although the factory was closed in 1847, was the town continued as an embossed from trading village and was declared in 1877 to a Posad, so a city-like craft and trade settlement. 1919 Melekess was declared a town and district center.
On 15 July 1972, the city lost its original name and was renamed after the Bulgarian Communist Georgi Dimitrov, the occasion of his 90th birthday, in Dimitrovgrad.
Note: Census data
Economy and Transport
The main operation of the city is the six- kilometers southwest of Dimitrovgrad situated Research Institute of Atomic Reactors. One of the eight reactors supplies the city with district heating. This reactor is the only one of its kind Moreover, in Dimitrovgrad mechanical engineering and the textile industry of importance.
About a highway consists of Dimitrovgrad from access to the cities of Ulyanovsk and Samara and from there to the Russian road network. The town has a railway station.
Further education institutions
- Branch of the Ulyanovsk State Technical University
- Bulgaria Dimitrovgrad, Bulgaria
- Drohobytsch Ukraine, Ukraine
- Belarus Lida, Belarus
- Alexin Russia, Russia
- Russia Obninsk, Russia
- Tajikistan en: Qayraqqum, Tajikistan
- Russia Kuznetsk, Russia
Sons and daughters of the town
- Yuri Batmanow ( b. 1977 ), biathlete
- Alexei Katrenko (* 1985), Sommerbiathlet
- Nadezhda Tschastina (* 1982 ), biathlete