The term feuilleton (French " Rolling Papers " [ fœjətõ: ], stress on the first or the last syllable ) usually referred to either a journalistic branch, a department in the newspaper, a particular literary genre or a journalistic presentation.
Since the mid 19th century the arts section is a cultural section of a newspaper one of the five classical departments, in addition to politics, business, the local section and the sports section. It contains articles on art subjects such as literature, theater, music, visual arts and film.
- 2.1 Classic feuilleton
- 2.2 Modern feuilleton
The features section of department
In Germany feuilleton called classical, the journalistic coverage of cultural events, developments and innovations. For the culture part of German newspapers, the term of the arts section has so far prevailed, as it refers to a specific place, in the reports, essays, comments and critical reviews can be found. The feuilleton as a journalistic form of representation depicts " emphasizes personal way in the little things and trivialities of life and tries to wrest them a human moving, uplifting side."
In the feuilleton mainly cultural topics such as art and philosophy are treated ( book, film, exhibition review). Often the features section also takes issues such as pop or - also politics, economy, science and technology - often in essay style. Political Position supplement sometimes the days reporting in the other conventional sections.
In the feuilleton ( Culture Section ), various journalistic genres find. These include report, essay, commentary, interview, comment, news reporting, review (sometimes called Criticism ) and portrait. Each of the types of text follows a different intention. Feuilleton posts often characterized by an opinion emphasized spelling. Most subjectively judged or interpreted, the author sets out his vision
Origin and history
Forms of the arts section already existed long before that term was used. Since the beginning of the newspapers, there were critical book and theater reviews, as well as publications of poems, or novel excerpts. The concept of feature articles dating from the time of the French Revolution. It began at the end of the 18th century ( 1789), the journal of the Débats a leaflet with theater news and critiques settle. The author and journalist, and especially cultural critic Julien Louis Geoffroy called his section, in which he has discussed mainly plays and books, " feuilleton ". These enjoyed such popularity that they were taken to the main sheet, in the bottom third, separated by a thick line. And derives the phrase " bottom line "; a category which the taz still today - but for ironic posts - leads. Through this line, the reader was faster your favorite part and could easily separate out from the newspaper and collect, as was popular at that time. The reviewers were at the time - if at all - very poorly paid, they also had at the then high prices for books to send back the books or only received when purchasing the respective book a discount.
In the 19th century, newspapers took over the German speaking this transfer to the main sheet.
Some famous musicians wrote music reviews for the feuilleton, such as Richard Wagner or Engelbert Humperdinck for the Frankfurter Zeitung. Even famous and successful scientists wrote feature articles. For example, Paul Ehrlich, Justus Liebig or Alexander von Humboldt explained here, their findings and research.
Beginning of the 20th century were published increasingly serialized novels in the feuilleton. These enjoyed great popularity among readers and were very useful in two ways for the publishing house, first, the readers were thus bound to the relevant newspaper and, secondly, they were an inexpensive means to fill the gaps in the leaf. At this time, especially the theater reviews were extremely popular, especially in the big cities. There were some very well-known full-time theater critic, Siegfried Jacobsohn, Alfred Kerr and Alfred Polgar.
As the founder of modern feuilletonism applies not only to Heinrich Heine, who wrote in the arts section of the Allgemeine Zeitung, also Ludwig Borne. As a model for the modern feature of the 20th century, in Germany next to the Berliner Tageblatt, the Frankfurter Zeitung apply the many big names (eg, Joseph Roth, Walter Benjamin and Siegfried Kracauer ) gathered in the 1920s. In Austria, the arts section of the Neue Freie Presse had a style-defining significance with authors such as Theodor Herzl, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Felix Salten, Alice Schalek, Arthur Schnitzler, Berta von Suttner or Stefan Zweig.
At the national newspapers, there are always cultural departments with some permanent editors. Often these newspapers boast of their feature articles. According to Schneider / Rough they are also really proud that their texts are not understood by the whole population, their feuilleton was so deliberately intended not for the majority. Not every newspaper has its own culture and its own editorial feature; especially in the local papers, there is rarely a distinct culture editors. The feature pages of major German newspapers daily sums together the online culture magazine pearl.
Feuilletonism as a critical term
Often the feature pages or the feuilletonism is a significantly negative busy term subordinated to the subject an arrogant, incidental or distorting gesture. Hermann Hesse about criticized in The Glass Bead Game his time under the heading "age of feuilletonism " as a phase of the arbitrariness of cultural production.
Especially in the bourgeois feature of the Belle Époque to strong anti -Semitic tendencies were wide. At the time of National Socialism, the feuilleton for cultural policy has been used and should mainly serve to shape the identity of the company and normative influence their taste.
The feuilleton style is " literary, conversationally or kept humorous. " He uses rhetorical figures and word figures. Some examples of these are metaphors, parallelism, anaphora, Epiphern, antitheses, climax, hyperbole, irony.