FIPS 10 is the designation for the U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard No. 10 "Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions " ( U.S. Federal Standard 10 of information processing " countries, dependent areas, areas with sovereign attributes, and their principal administrative allocation ").
Important is the standard of the electronic databases of the U.S., particularly in the military and government organizations with visibility. Here standard identifiers and abbreviations for countries and their sub-national entities are introduced around the world. These identifiers and abbreviations are frequently not the same as the ISO country codes and names of the UN.
This can be illustrated well the digraph of country codes. The ISO country codes are based on the self- designations of the states, for example, ES ( España) or DE ( Germany ), while the FIPS 10 names mainly based on the popular U.S. names, eg SP ( Spain) or GM ( Germany). Appendix 4 of this standard contains the requirements for sub-national administrative regions.
The responsibility for maintaining this list was ceded to the National Geospatial- Intelligence Agency ( NGA) in 1997 by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the United States, the names of the States are still to be determined by the United States Board on Geographic Names.
FIPS codes for independent states
The following table lists all the FIPS codes for all internationally recognized by the United States States.
Specific country codes
The following country codes are listed which do not comply with the other country codes.
FIPS codes for dependent territories
The following dependent areas have their own FIPS code; optionally FIPS code of the country is specified from the area is dependent.
Areas without FIPS code
For the following areas no FIPS code has been set:
- Aksai Chin (Chinese occupied )
- Demilitarized Zone (Korea ) between South Korea and North Korea
- No man's land ( between Israel and the Golan Heights )
- No Man's Land and Scopus ( in the former Mandate of Palestine )
- British military bases on Cyprus
- UNDOF - controlled zone between the Golan Heights and Syria