First Epistle to Timothy

  • Matthew
  • Markus
  • Luke
  • John
  • Roman
  • 1 Corinthians
  • 2 Corinthians
  • Galatians
  • Ephesians
  • Philippians
  • Colossians
  • 1 Thessalonians
  • 2 Thessalonians
  • 1 Timothy
  • 2 Timothy
  • Titus
  • Philemon
  • Hebrew
  • Epistle of James
  • 1 Peter
  • 2 Peter
  • 1 John
  • 2 John
  • 3 John
  • Judas

The first letter of Paul to Timothy, also briefly called 1 Timothy, is a book of the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The letter is divided since the Vulgate edition of Stephen Langton in 1205 into six chapters.


As the author has in the prescript (1 Tim 1.1 EU) and in memories of his biography ( 1 Tim 1,12 EU, 1 Tim 2.7 EU), the apostle Paul made ​​.

Due to considerable variations in speaking style and advancements in the stated theology prevails in today's German biblical scholars widely agree with the letter wanted the unknown author perpetuate its concern with specification of the authority of Paul in the late 1st century. The letter is thus an pseudepigraphic writing and the author believed to be a disciple of Paul. For the drafting by Paul plead Joachim Jeremias and August Strobel. Heinz -Werner Neudorf and Edward E. Ellis adhere to the authorship of Paul, but think of a writing by a confidant of the Apostle, which explains the different theological expressions easily.


The letter cites the receiver Timothy, a companion of Paul, who is mentioned several times in Paul's letters and had to fulfill pastoral duties in the community; therefore you count the letter to the Pastoral Epistles. According to the information from ( Acts 16:1 NIV ) Timothy is the son of a pagan father and a Jewish mother. According to Eusebius, he was bishop of Ephesus. The letter, however, is not designed as a private letter, so that seems doubtful that Timothy was in fact the primary recipients of this letter.


The 1 Timothy mainly consists of admonitions and instructions on how community life is to be designed.

Chapter 1

Prescript, admonition to stay away from legal doctrines.

Chapter 2

Call for intercession. The behavior of men and women in the community. This includes the controversial role of women (1 Tim 2.12 to 15 EU).

Chapter 3

About the bishops and deacons. It is represented as a bishop and a deacon should be.

Chapter 4

Rejection of false abstinence and other teachings.

Chapter 5

Describes how widows behave and under what circumstances they are to be entered in the lists. Instructions for dealing with elders as well as advice for Timothy, in the statement with regard to his stomach and his frequent illnesses not only water but also some wine to drink (cf. (1 Tim 5,23 EU) ).

Chapter 6

The behavior of slaves. Warning of disputes and other matters.

Effect story

The scripture 1 Timothy 2:12 is cited when it comes to the position of women in church ministries, and often to justify the rejection of ordination and ordination of women (1 Tim 2.12 to 15 EU).

According to Chap. 3 is to be married to a bishop. This site is regularly translates differently in older Protestant and Catholic Bible translations.

"Of the bishops 1 This is most certainly true: If anyone desires office of a bishop, he desireth a high task. 2 A bishop must be blameless, but, the husband of one wife, sober, ... 4 One that ruleth well his own house and his children has in all honesty. 5 For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of God's church? "

In older Protestant Bibles often is: the husband of one wife, in older Catholic Bibles husband of one wife. The Revised Standard Version (1980 ) are the place again as follows:

" 1 The word is credible: who aspires to the office of a bishop who desires a noble task. 2 A bishop should be a man blameless, married only once, sober, ... 4 He should be a good father of a family and educate his children to obedience and all decency. 5 Who can his own house being not protrude as to provide for the church of God? "

In early Christianity there was no mandatory celibacy. Supporters and opponents of celibacy interpret this chapter differently .. Another clue to marriage can be found in Chapter 4.

" 2 enticed by hypocrisy of liars ... 3 They forbid marriage and demand the withdrawal of certain foods which God has laid to the fact that those who have come to faith and the knowledge of the truth, they received with thanksgiving to be. 4 For everything God created is good and nothing to be refused if it is received with thanksgiving. "