Flores Chaviano Melquíades Jiménez (born 10 December 1946 in Caibarién ) is a Cuban composer, arranger, guitarist, conductor and music educator. Since 1981 he lives in the Spanish exile.
Flores Chaviano was born in 1946 in Caibarién in the central Cuban province of Villa Clara. There he got his first lessons in guitar playing at Pedro Julio del Valle ( 1921-1969 ). Later he followed his teacher to Santa Clara. Subsequently, he studied at the Escuela Nacional de Arte in Havana and studied guitar with Isaac Nicola and composition with José Ardèvol and Sergio Barroso at the Instituto Superior de Arte, one of the most prestigious colleges of music in Latin America. He also attended master classes with Leo Brouwer and Alirio Díaz.
After moving to Spain in 1981 he finished his studies with Demetrio Ballesteros at the Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid.
His works are always first performed by international orchestras and soloists, such as the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional de México, the Orchestra of the Music Academy in Gdansk, the Orquesta Ciudad de Granada, Orquesta Internacional de Madrid, Orquesta Sinfónica del Principality of Asturias ( OSPA ), the chamber Orchestra of Nalón, the State Orchestra of El Salvador, the Philharmonic Orchestra of Montevideo, soloists of the Komische Oper Berlin, the Mutare Ensemble in Frankfurt and the Featuring Ensamble of New York.
Chaviano composed commissioned works for the Prince of Asturias Foundation, the National Institute for Music and Performing Arts from the Spanish Ministry of Culture, the Conservatory of Nalón and Radio Nacional de España. Many musicians were trained by him writing plays, such as the Cuban saxophonist Paquito D' Rivera.
His catalog of works includes more than 100 compositions for different ensembles. His compositions include the Requiem for a Sonero ( Miguel Matamoros ), the homage to Victor Jara and the Variations on a Theme Yoruba.
In 1974 he won the first prize in the National Guitar Competition of the Unión Nacional de Artistas de Cuba y Escritores.
His concert tours have taken him throughout the world. He led his works several times in Germany on so in Potsdam, Berlin and Dresden. He was also invited in Poland, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Sweden and Italy. Several times he was in the U.S. as a guest and played at the Kennedy Center in Washington, Lincoln Center in New York and Los Angeles and Miami. In Spain, he performed at the Teatro Real and the National Music Auditorium. In Buenos Aires he was at the Teatro Bellas Artes.
He joined, among others as a soloist with orchestras including the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional de Mexico, the Orquesta del Nuevo Mundo and the Orquesta Nacional de Cuba on.
Conductor and organizer
While working as a musician in Cuba, he conducted several local orchestras such as the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional de Cuba ( CMBF ), the Orquesta Sinfónica de Matanzas and the Orquesta Sinfónica de Santiago de Cuba. He played several times in the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc countries.
Flores Chaviano founded in 1989 with the support of the Sociedad General de Autores y Editores, the festival Andrés Segovia In Memoriam 1990 and the Festival Internacional de Guitarra Ponferrada. In 1992, he was the founder and has been conductor of the Andres Segovia Ensemble, a chamber orchestra that is devoted to contemporary music. He also faces the Cuarteto Fin de Siglo and the ensemble Trova Cubana Lírica. He has conducted the Capilla Musical Esteban Salas de Madrid, a group listing the works of Cuban composers of the Baroque.
Flores Chaviano taught from 1970 to 1972 at the Conservatorio Esteban Salas from 1978 to 1980 at the at the Escuela Nacional de Arte in Havana. From 1979 to 1980 he was a professor at the Instituto Superior de Arte.
He has given master classes in many cities in Europe and America. He also taught at the University of Puerto Rico and Florida International University. In addition, it led him to the conservatories in Beijing and Mexico City and the University of Music and Theatre in Rostock and the Academy of Music " Hanns Eisler" Berlin. In Spain, he gave master classes for Contemporary Music in Madrid ( 1983), Salamanca (1984) and Granada (1985 /87).
He taught at the conservatories in Madrid ( 1988), Ponferrada ( 1989-1991) and Segovia (1991 ), where he also worked as a director. For several years he has been a lecturer at the Conservatorio Profesional de Música Ángel Arias Macein in Madrid.
Chaviano 's arranger of the music of Astor Piazzolla.