Frederick III of Sicily
Frederick II of Aragon (c. 1272; † June 25, 1337 ) was from 1296 until his death in 1337 King of Sicily. Although he was only the second Sicilian king named Frederick, he called himself Frederick III. , To connect to the Emperor Frederick II, who also ruled the Kingdom of Sicily. He wanted the same attention to his descent from the dynasty of Hohenstaufen, on the house of Aragon established his hereditary claim to Sicily.
Frederick was the third son of Peter of Aragon and Constance, daughter of Manfred of Hohenstaufen. After his brother James I, King of Sicily, in 1291 his older brother Alfonso III. had succeeded to the throne of Aragon, Frederick was appointed governor of Sicily. In 1295 King James waived after the conclusion of the Treaty of Anagni at the urging of Pope Boniface VIII on his rights in Sicily in favor of Charles II of Anjou. Friedrich, who resided in Palermo, but was elected by the Sicilians, who feared the return of a ruler of the house of Anjou, to be king. He managed to defend the island against an alliance of Charles II of Naples, the Pope Boniface VIII, and sometimes even his brother James II of Aragon. In the Peace of Caltabellotta in 1302 he reached the recognition of his crown and carried henceforth the title rex Trinacriae. Charles II was the title of King of Naples and Sicily, his power was limited to the possessions on the Italian mainland. This division of the Kingdom of Sicily remained with a few brief exceptions to the 19th century exist. Frederick II tried in sequence to eliminate the severe destruction of his country by the previous looting and war by promoting trade and crafts and he managed to prevent rebellions of the nobles.
When Römerzug Emperor Henry VII he was its faithful ally and was appointed by the latter to the realm Admiral. Moreover, Frederick's son Peter was betrothed to Henry's daughter Beatrix. Frederick II died in 1337, he was buried in the cathedral of Catania.
During his lifetime he had made his eldest son as co-regent, then as Peter II succeeded him on the throne.
Frederick married in 1302, as part of the Peace of Caltabellotta, Eleanor, daughter of Charles II of Anjou ( 1289-1341 ). The couple had nine children:
- Peter II of Sicily (1305-1342) ∞ ( 1323) Elisabeth of Carinthia, daughter of Duke Otto III. of Carinthia
- Roger (* 1305, † young)
- Manfred, Duke of Athens (1306-1317)
- Constance (c. 1307; † after 1344) ∞ I. ( 1317 ) King Henry II ( 1271-1324 ) ∞ II ( 1330) King Leo V of Armenia ( 1310-1341 ) ∞ III. ( 1343 ) John of Lusignan († 1375 )
- Elisabeth (1310-1349) ∞ ( 1328 ) Duke Stephen II of Lower Bavaria -Landshut ( 1319-1375 )
- William II, Duke of Athens (1312-1338) ∞ Maria Alvarez de Aragon ( † around 1363)
- John II, Duke of Athens (1317-1348)
- Catherine (1320-1342), Abbess of Santa Chiara Messina
- Margaret (1331-1377) ∞ ( 1348 ), Count Palatine Rudolf II ( 1306-1353 )