Hanna- Renate Laurien ( born April 15, 1928 in Danzig, Free City of Danzig, † March 12, 2010 in Berlin) was a German politician ( CDU). The top was Director of Studies from 1976 to 1981 Minister of Culture in Rhineland -Palatinate, 1981-1989 School Senator of Berlin and from 1991 to 1995 president of the Berlin House of Representatives.
Life and career
Hanna- Renate Laurien was born as the daughter of a teacher and a chemist. Later, the father worked as a Ministerial. She attended schools in Spremberg in Lower Lusatia and in Berlin. Because of good performance she skipped a class. 1944 to 1945 she was the Reich Labor Service. After graduation in 1946, she studied German, English and philosophy at the Humboldt University in Berlin. In 1948 she was co-founder of the Free University of Berlin.
1951, Hanna- Renate Laurien from a state exam and joined the North Rhine-Westphalian higher education service, first in Euskirchen, then in Bonn. In 1952 she graduated in German. From 1957 to 1963 she worked in Düsseldorf's Ministry of Culture. 1963-1965 she was a technical director at a study seminar.
As Senior Director of Studies of the Königin-Luise- school in Cologne from 1965 to 1970 she made in 1967 that a pregnant student was admitted contrary to applicable laws then high school. Likewise, she sat one years later by that of wedlock pregnant teacher was not disciplined and punished added.
Because of her feisty appearance as the Berlin School Senator Hanna- Renate Laurien was designated in the 1980s with the nickname " Hanna Granata ".
Hanna- Renate Laurien occurred in 1966, the CDU. 1967 to 1970 she was deputy chair of the CDU in Cologne.
Member of Parliament
Laurien belonged from 1975 to 1981 in the Rhineland-Palatinate Landtag.
At the inaugural meeting of the newly elected on 2 December 1990 Berlin House of Representatives, she was elected on 11 January 1991 as the first and only female president of the Berlin House of Representatives. She sat down vehemently for the transfer of the seat of the federal government from Bonn to Berlin. The population of Berlin she called in the fall of 1992 successfully for demonstrations against burgeoning xenophobia and racism. It is due to the use of Hanna- Renate Laurien that five paintings by Gerhard Richter could be hung in the hall of the House of Representatives. A very lucrative offer of a museum for the acquisition of the images struck them out. When she decided not to run the Berlin elections again in 1995, gave her a chorus of MPs of all factions farewell serenade.
In 1996, she retired from the CDU Federal Board. Since then, she had retired from politics. Hanna- Renate Laurien lived until her death in Berlin- Lankwitz. Her grave is in the cemetery in the Kisseln in Berlin- Spandau.
From 1970 Hanna- Renate Laurien was head of department, Secretary of State from 1971 in Mainz under the Rhineland-Palatinate Minister of Education, Bernhard Vogel, with whom she had been friends since that time.
From 1976 to 1981 she was the Minister of Culture of the Cabinet Bernhard Vogel, when he was Minister President of Rhineland -Palatinate. From 1977 to 1981 Markus Schaechter the head of the public relations department in their ministry.
1981 brought Richard von Weizsäcker after his election to the Governing Mayor of Berlin as a young senator to Berlin. In 1984, President von Weizsäcker was, she applied to the Office of the Governing Mayor, but was defeated in a CDU internal struggle vote Eberhard Diepgen. However, Laurien remained Senator and Mayor of Berlin was founded in 1986 in addition.
With the election victory Walter Momper in January 1989, she resigned from both positions.
Hanna- Renate Laurien was volunteer at the head of the International Federation, as chairman of the Diocesan Council of the Archdiocese of Berlin, co-founder and vice chairman of the Association Against Forgetting - for democracy, patron of the German Multiple Sclerosis Society of Berlin and of church positHIV and as Chairman of the Association of Former Members of the Berlin House operates. She was also a patron of the Tabea Children's burial ground on the Cross Cemetery in Berlin- Lankwitz, Berlin's first children's burial ground.
Laurien grew up in a Protestant family. In 1952 she converted to Catholicism. Her sister was years evangelical pastor at St. Nicholas Church ( Spandau).
She was from 1967 to 2000 Member of the Board of the Central Committee of German Catholics ( ZdK ) and led from 1975 to 1997, the Cultural Policy Committees of the ZdK. From 1972 to 1975 she was member of the Presidium of the Würzburg Synod and 1991-2000 chairman of the Berlin Diocesan Council of Catholic. From 1996 to 2004 Laurien was chairman of the Association of Catholic Diocesan Berlin German Women's Federation ( KDFB ). She spoke in the First German Television the word Sunday.
She was active as a preacher and lecturer speaker. Laurien was unmarried and had stored as Laiendominikanerin towards the Catholic Church the vow of total dedication. She lived in Berlin- Lankwitz and felt the Dominicans especially true of Mater Dolorosa church and as a member of the lay community - especially the Berlin Institute M. -Dominique Chenu - connected.
As a member of " Donum Vitae " she stood on 20 July 2006 with a " heckling ", together with the politicians Hans Maier, Bernhard Vogel, Annette Schavan and Friedrich Kronenberg, against a declaration of the German bishops of 20 June 2006 about the club Donum Vitae.
Culture of commemoration
Hanna- Renate Laurien sat in the public debate intensively with National Socialism, the appreciation of his victims and the fight of his followers apart. So she held on 17 August 2004 during a counter-demonstration to the annual marches of the neo-Nazis in the death of Rudolf Hess in his burial Wunsiedel a highly acclaimed speech against the " shameless myth" to Hess. She turned against the term " Aryan peace" who is not a peace, but the parting of the human dignity of Different. "We do not Aryans, we want people to be ," she said. She was an advocate of the establishment of a central memorial to the German persecution of homosexuals and said in this regard: "We must not be divided into grades of the victims of terror. God has given every person the same dignity. "
1996 Hanna- Renate Laurien the honorary title of city elders of Berlin was awarded.
Laurien was awarded the Louise - Schroeder- Medal of the Berlin House of Representatives in 1999. In 2002, she was a protest against the award of the writer Daniela Dahn back the medal.
She was an honorary member of Friendship and Assistance of the Georg- Meistermann Museum Wittlich " The Floating Point".
Laurien was honored for her commitment to the Catholic honorary doctorate from the Catholic Theological Faculty of the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster.
In 1981 she was awarded the Grand Federal Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany by Bernhard Vogel, Minister President of Rhineland -Palatinate, and in 1995 awarded the corresponding star.
- Provincial governments Rhineland -Palatinate: Cabinet Bird I - Cabinet Bird II
- Provincial governments Berlin: Senate Weizsäcker - Senate Diepgen I - Senate Diepgen II