Peter Heinrich Hellwege ( born August 18, 1908 in New churches; † October 4, 1991 ) was a German politician (DHP, DP and CDU). He was from 1949 to 1955 Federal Minister for Affairs of the Federal Council and from 1955 to 1959 Minister President of Lower Saxony.
Life and career
After the primary school leaving certificate in 1926 at the Gymnasium Athenaeum Stade Stade Hellwege completed a commercial apprenticeship and then worked in Hamburg until 1933 as an import and export merchant. In 1933 he took over his father's company for chemical-technical products in his hometown. In the era of National Socialism, he became involved in the Confessing Church and the Lower Saxony freedom movement. From 1939 to 1945 he participated as a soldier in the Air Force in the Second World War.
Hellwege belonged since its foundation in 1955 to the Rotary Club Stade.
Hellwege was until its dissolution in 1933 member of the German - Hanoverian Party and from 1931 the county chairman in York.
After the war he founded the Lower Saxony State Party ( NLP) ( 1947 German Party) with, as its regional chairman in Lower Saxony, he served from 1946 to 1961. From 1947 until January 15, 1961, he was also national chairman of the DP. In the negotiations of the DP with the German Conservative Party - German right-wing party and the Hessian National Democratic Party on 1 July 1949 on a common choice inaugural for the parliamentary elections in 1949 took Hellwege for his party together with Adolf Dedekind, Carl Lauenstein, Walter of Lüde, Hans -Joachim of Merkatz, Ernst-August Runge, Hans -Christoph Seebohm and Friedrich Wilke part. Although the plans were well advanced, they failed finally. Reason was the declaration of the British military government, a fusion party would not get a license and can not be standing for election.
In October 1961 he joined the CDU, which he left in January 1979, because " squinted in the CDU more to the left of the center [ will ], by voters who opposed the CDU would bring only Miss or contempt". In February 1979 he took part in the ultimately unsuccessful attempt to establish a conservative coalition movement under the title Liberal - Conservative action.
Member of Parliament
1945/46, belonged Hellwege at the council of New Churches and the council of the district of Stade. In 1946 he was a member of the Parliament of appointees Hanover, where he led the NLP Group. From 1947 until November 2, 1950 and from 1951 until January 7, 1952, he was a member of the Landtag of Lower Saxony and chairman of the DP parliamentary group. He also belonged from 1946 to 1948 at the Zonal Advisory Council for the British occupation zone to which the Deputy Chairman, he was elected in 1947. From 1955-1963 Hellwege was again a member of the Landtag of Lower Saxony.
From 1949 until May 27, 1955, he was a member of the German Bundestag, where he remained until his appointment as Federal Minister Chairman of the DP parliamentary group was briefly. Hellwege was directly elected representative of the constituency Stade - Bremervörde.
Hellwege was 1947/48 district administrator in the district of Stade. After the general election in 1949 he was appointed on 20 September 1949 as Federal Minister for Affairs of the Federal Council in the run of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer government.
Hellwege resigned on May 26, out in 1955 on from the federal government and was elected on the same day as Prime Minister of Lower Saxony.
He was supported in this position by a coalition of DP, CDU, FDP and the GB / BHE. Following the resignation of Leonard Schlüter on June 11, 1955, he headed up to the appointment of Richard Tantzen (FDP) on September 14, 1955 also by the Ministry of Culture. On November 19, 1957 Hellwege formed a new government from DP, the CDU and the SPD. After the state elections in 1959, he left office.
Heinrich Hellwege was the only Prime Minister of a state, who belonged to the German party.
In 1959 he was appointed Oldenburg kale king. Hellwege was an honorary citizen of his home town of New Churches ( Lower Elbe), carriers of the Lower Saxony state medal, the Grand Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Hellenic Royal St. George's Order and Honorary Senator of the Technical University of Hanover.