Lewis and Clark County
Helena is the capital of the U.S. state of Montana. In the region of mining and agriculture are of great importance, the city is today the most important commercial and administrative center of Montana. Helena is the county seat of Lewis and Clark County. Worth seeing, especially the Capitol with a replica of the Statue of Liberty, the community center and the " Cathedral of Saint Helena ."
The city was founded on 30 October 1864 after the discovery of gold, through the so-called " Four Georgians ". The " Four Georgians " were a group of four prospectors from the U.S. state of Georgia. The findings sparked a twenty- year-long gold rush. During this time gold was promoted to the equivalent of 3.6 billion U.S. dollars today. It settled within a few years more than 3,000 people. First, the city " Crabtown " was, after the name of one of its founders, John Crab, called. Once, however, more and more prospectors settled, and the city continues grew, it was decided to change the name of the city. The new name Helena was chosen based on the town of Saint Helena in Minnesota.
Montana in 1864 a U.S. territory and Virginia City as its capital. In 1875, however, it was decided to change the seat and make the flourishing Helena as the new capital. This was a fateful decision for Helena, because while Virginia City not coped with the task of mines and today is a town with only 130 inhabitants, Helena was able to maintain thanks to its position as the capital.
The connection to the railway line of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883 accelerated once the city's growth. In the following period was only once asked Helen position in question. 1894 broke out between the towns of Anaconda and Helena from a fight for the seat of the capital of Montana. But the voters decided in the scheduled vote for the best Helena, although the area around Anaconda was a major commercial success at the time. Several large fires experienced Helena in 1935 - 1937th This led to the establishment of a fire tower, which still wakes up today over the city. The central location, the position as capital city, traffic smooth connection and the agricultural economy in the Prickley Pear Valley meant that Helena could develop into one of the most important cities in Montana.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Forrest H. Anderson, politician and judge
- Max Baucus, U.S. Senator
- Patricia Belcher, Actress
- Dirk Benedict, actor
- Gary Cooper, actor
- Margaret Craven, writer
- Norman J. Holter, biophysicist
- Thomas Lee Judge, Governor of Montana
- TJ Lanning, skier
- Colin Meloy, lead singer of The Decemberists
- Maile Meloy, writer (sister of Colin Meloy )
- Patricia Nell Warren, author
- John Patrick Williams, politician, member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Helena has because of its location a typical continental mountain climate. The weather ranges from freezing cold ( to -30 ° C) in the winter to the summer heat with maximum values beyond the 30 - degree mark. Precipitation ( ~ 300 mm per year) falls all year round, with winter snow storms, the so-called blizzard, the city bring huge amounts of snow. In addition, large temperature variations between day and night are common. The sun is shining in Helena around 2600 hours per year, the temperature extremes vary between -41 and 39 ° C and the average annual temperature is 6 ° C.