Little is known about Hudson's young years. 1607 he undertook his first expedition on behalf of the English trading company Muscovy Company. With a single ship ( Hopewell ) Hudson came to the coast of Greenland and Spitsbergen ( Svalbard ) and discovered the island of Jan Mayen in attempting a Northwest Passage from the Arctic Ocean to China to find. The dimensions of the intervening land mass were not known. The following year, he also tried unsuccessfully to find a northeast passage, this time over Novaya Zemlya in the Barents Sea, which is present but could not be traveled at that time. In the service of the Dutch East India Company in 1609 he set sail from the Dutch island Texel with the ship Halve Maen (Half Moon) on his third trip to the lake. Hudson took the exploration of the waters off Novaya Zemlya on again and was looking for a passage through the ice, while the crew rebelled. They therefore sailed to the west, then south to Nova Scotia and past the North American coast. On September 11, 1609 Hudson came into the bay of New York before, sailed along the island of Manhattan (1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano already spotted ) and used the following month for the exploration of the Hudson to the area of the present town of Albany, about 240 km north of the present city of New York.
1610 Hudson stood out for its last journey on behalf of a newly established company in business English lake. With his ship Discovery, he was back in search of a Northwest Passage. He reached the Hudson Strait middle of the year and went on August 2nd in the Hudson Bay, where he found an ideal natural harbor. Here he spent the next three months with the discovery of the eastern islands and coasts. Assuming to be in the Pacific, he sailed south to the James Bay. In November his ship got stuck in the ice. A winter of extreme deprivation and cold led to the dispute under occupation.
1611 food was just on the way back and the crew mutinied. Hudson, his son and seven other crew members were exposed at dawn on 23 June 1611 a small boat and were subsequently lost.
Named after him are:
- The Hudson River, a river in the eastern part of the State of New York
- The Hudson Bay, a large bay in the Canadian part of North America
- The Hudson County, New Jersey
- The Henry Hudson Bridge, a toll bridge in New York City, which connects the Bronx with the northern end of Manhattan
- The city of Hudson, New York, north of New York City
- Hudson Country, an area in East Greenland