Hudson (New York)
Hudson is a city in the U.S. state of New York and is the county seat for Columbia County. In 2000, Hudson had 7524 inhabitants. The city's name is derived from the Hudson River, on its eastern bank it is, and thus goes back to the explorer Henry Hudson.
In the 19th century the city experienced a boom by whaling. Today, Hudson is known for its numerous antique shops on Warren Street. A wide view of the Hudson Valley have been of Olana from the built in the style of a Persian castle estate of the American landscape painter Frederic Edwin Church. In Hudson, there is a fire museum, which is one of the largest fire fighting museums dedicated to the world.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.0 km ²; of which 5.6 km ² of land and 0.4 km ² ( = 6.47 %) to water.
Hudson is the county seat of Columbia County. Dutch settlers bought the land in 1662 on which there is the city, the then home here Mahicans from. The area once belonged to the Town of Claverack; the original name of the settlement was therefore Claverack Landing. The inhabited by whalers from New England and merchants from Nantucket, Martha 's Vineyard, and Providence, Rhode Iceland Hudson received in 1785 a charter as a city. Hudson was a busy port and was defeated in the vote on the capital of the state by the New York Parliament for a vote.
The City grew rapidly and was the Census 1790 the population of the cities in the United States ranks 24. Even in 1820 Hudson was the fourth largest city in New York.
National Register of Historic Places
Olana, the home of landscape painter Frederic Church, was declared in 1965 as the Olana State Historic Site on the National Historic Landmark. Also, are or could be included in the National Register of Historic Places Hundreds of structures Hudson, many of them lie within the two registered historical monument zones Rossman - Prospect Avenue Historic District and the larger Hudson Historic District. There are also a number of individually recognized as a memorial building. Each individually entered in the register structures include the 1861 Built Cornelius H. Evans House was built in 1911 and the U.S. Post Office.
Amtrak, the national Personzugbetreiber operated Hudson on the Adirondack, which runs daily between Montreal and New York City, all trains of the Empire Service between New York City and Albany - Rensselaer or Buffalo, the Ethan Allen Express in both directions between New York City and Rutland, Vermont as well as the Maple Leaf, the two-way New York City and Toronto connects daily.
U.S. Highway 9 performs as a main road over a part of Warren Street through the city. New York State Route 9G/23B pass through the South Third Street.
At the time of the census of 2000, Hudson lived 7524 people. The population density was 1338.7 people per km ². There were 3347 housing units at an average 595.5 per km ². The population consisted of Hudsons 64.29 % White, 24.02 % African American, 0.28 % Native American, 2.84% Asian, 0.01 % Pacific Islander, 4.15 % reported other races to belong and 4.41 % from two or more races. 8.41 % of the population to be Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Residents of Hudson distributed to 2951 households out of which 28.6 % were living in children under 18 years. 29.4 % married couples living together, 19.6 % had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.1% were non-families. 39.0 % of households were made up of individuals and someone lived in 15.5 % of all households aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size is 3.00.
The population was spread out with 23.7 % under the, 9.4 % 18 -24- year-old, 30.0 % 25 -44- year-old, 21.0% 45-64 year olds and 16.0 % under the age of 65 years or more. The average age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 106.7 males. In the over -18s accounted for 100 women 105.6 males.
The median household income in Hudson was 24,279 U.S. dollars and the median family income reached the height of 27,594 U.S. dollars. The average income of men was 26 274 U.S. dollars, compared to 22 598 U.S. dollars for women. The per capita income amounted to 15,759 U.S. dollars. 25.6 % of the population and 23.8 % of families had affected an income below the poverty line, including 37.7 % of minors and 13.9 % of those age 65 or over.
The numbers around 500 inmates of a prison are taken into account.
Martin Van Buren opened his first law office here. On March 1, 1794, William Jenkins Worth, a general in the Mexican-American War, is named after the Forth Worth, Texas, was born in Union Street Hudson. His birthplace still exists, and the Worth Avenue the city was named after him. Also a son of the town is born on July 10, 1823 Sanford Robinson Gifford, who belonged to the second generation of landscape painters of the Hudson River School. Following his death on August 29, 1880, he was buried in Cedar Park Cemetery in Hudson.
Well-known residents of the city also included the writer and New York State Poet Laureate John Ashbery, the Rev. John Corapi and the composer Philip Glass. The author Dawn Langley Simmons lived in the 1980 years in Hudsocn when she wrote her biography of Margaret Rutherford. Hudson was also the hometown of Daniel McGuire, the American Book Award was awarded for his novel Portrait of Little Boy in Darkness 1987. McGuire was a worker in a factory in Hudson and published no further works.
The psychiatrist and writer Stephen Bergman, who uses the pen name Samuel Shem, grew up in Hudson and describes the town regularly in his books.