Horst Sindermann ( born September 5, 1915 in Dresden, † April 20, 1990 in Berlin) was a German communist. In the GDR, he was Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) and President of the People's Chamber.
As chief agitator of the SED (1953-1963) invented Horst Sindermann 1961, the term " anti-fascist protective wall" for the Berlin Wall.
Sindermann was born on September 5, 1915 as the son of the Saxon SPD functionary Karl Sindermann. His brother was Kurt Sindermann, 1929-1933 Saxon Landtag. After attending elementary school and secondary school Sindermann 1929 a member of the Communist Youth League of Germany ( KJVD ). In 1933 he was arrested and sentenced to eight months in prison, because he had joined the resistance against National Socialism. 1935 Sindermann was convicted of high treason to six years imprisonment in the penitentiary for conspiracy Waldheim and was then in the concentration camps of Sachsenhausen and Mauthausen to 1945 in prison.
In 1945, after his liberation from the Mauthausen concentration camp by the U.S. Army, he joined the Communist Party and in 1946 by the forced merger of the SPD and KPD member of the SED. Sindermann worked as chief editor of People's Daily Dresden Saxony as well as the voice of the people in Chemnitz. In the meantime, he started having problems with Otto Grote welfare, he criticized because of his marriage to a former Nazi functionary. From 1950 to 1953 Sindermann was chief editor of the newspaper Freedom Hall.
Between 1954 and 1963, Sindermann was head of the agitation of the Central Committee of the SED. From 1963 to 1971 he was First Secretary of the SED district leadership hall. From 1971 to 1973 he held the position of Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the GDR.
From 1963 to 1989 he was a member of the People's Chamber. These elected Sindermann on October 3, 1973 Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the GDR, its predecessor Willi Stoph was elected Chairman of the State Council. Due to liberal economic policy Honecker replaced him in 1976 by Stoph. This happened at the inaugural session of the People's Chamber on 29 October 1976 at the Honecker himself to the Council of State, Stoph been elected Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Sindermann again as President of the People's Chamber. From 1976 to 1989, Sindermann as president of the People's Chamber of protocol, although the third man in the state, but otherwise entrusted with little influential tasks.
He was expelled from the SED / PDS on December 3, 1989, sat for a time in remand. To a charge but it never came. Shortly after his release in 1990 Sindermann died in Berlin.
His step- son was the actor Peter Sindermann.
Writings (selection )
- Successful progress on the course of the Eighth Party Congress: selected speeches and essays. Dietz -Verlag, Berlin 1975
- Peace and socialism, state doctrine of the GDR. Selected speeches and essays. Dietz -Verlag, Berlin 1980
- Everything for the people, all the people. Selected speeches and essays. Dietz -Verlag, Berlin 1985