Hetepsechemui (also Hor - hetep - sechemui ) is the Horus name of the first Egyptian King ( Pharaoh ) of the 2nd Dynasty ( Early Dynastic period ), who reigned around 2855 BC and is one of the well-researched rulers of the second dynasty.
Name and identity
King Hetepsechemui regarded as the founder of the second dynasty. During his reign, the tradition prevailed, for the usual at this time royal title, as a proper noun, Horus name and Nebtiname to use the same name version. The actual birth name may have been used only informally. Light of this new tradition may have been that at the beginning of the second dynasty the name of a ruler philosophical importance was attached. Replacing the true birth name by always the same written versions suggests that the king 's name was not adopted until after the accession.
Hetepsechemuis Horus name appears on various artifacts in Abydos, Saqqara, Giza, and Badari on stone vessels, Tonsiegeln and cylinders made of bone. Hetepsechemuis name appears on the stone vessels from his grave system at Saqqara often next to his successor Nebre.
Hetepsechemuis birth name is unknown. In the King List of Abydos Hetepsechemui should appear under the name Bedjau cartridges. A similar name, Bedja -tau appears on a writers range from the mastaba G1011 in Giza. After Wolfgang Helck he means "The Foundry ".
With the throne ends under Hetepsechemui surprisingly, the use of ivory tablets, as they are so far known from tombs of the 1st dynasty. The reason for this, however, is unknown. The last written records in this shape were found at the entrance of the tomb of King Qa -a.
Contemporary findings suggest that it was difficult for Hetepsechemui to take over the throne after Qa -a immediately. Discoveries at Abydos show that a certain Seneferka and a very sparsely occupied king reigned between " bird" for a total of one to three years. It seems that both predecessors fought for the throne and Hetepsechemui seized the opportunity and the power struggle summarily decided in his favor. This assumption is supported by the failed Horus name of Hetepsechemui. This was the ruler emphasizes two halves of the country (Upper and Lower Egypt ) from Egypt dedicated. George Reisner and Dietrich Wildungsmauer suspect that he would have had no reason to do so, if the transition from the first to the second dynasty would go smoothly. Wolfgang Helck throws a supplement that Seneferka and " Bird" was apparently banned from the later records because of their Illegimität because their power struggles, the dynasty could perish.
According to inscriptions on Tonsiegeln Hetepsechemui founded a new residence near Thinis, calling them " Hor - chaj - seba " ( " Horus, the shining star "). He also had a new temple for the deity Netjer - Achti build near Buto. The actual duration of his reign is not known, the Turin Royal Canon certifies the Regent 95 years. As for Hetepsechemui no Sed festival is occupied, it should no longer have reigned as about 30 years.
Manetho ( Africanus ) reported that under Hetepsechemui, which he calls Boethos, a gap was rising at Bubastis and many died. This description could indicate a severe earthquake, as the region is at Bubastis in a seismically active zone.
Flinders Petrie and Alessandre Barsanti keep the gallery grave B at Saqqara under the Unas causeway with a length of 120 m, a width of 40 m and over 70 magazine spaces for the Hetepsechemui because there were seal impressions both Hetepsechemuis and the Nebre.
Wolfgang Helck is undecided and sees this as the grave of King Nebre as the burial place of Hetepsechemui has not yet been located and probably lies elsewhere in the area.