Italic languages

  • Ligurians
  • Veneti
  • Etruscan
  • Piceno
  • Umbrians
  • Latins
  • Osker
  • Messapians
  • Greeks

The Italic languages ​​belong to a subgroup of the Indo-European language family. A suspected closer relationship with the Celtic languages ​​has so far not been demonstrated.

They were spoken in ancient times on the Italian peninsula and Sicily. All were displaced from also belonging to this group Latin, representing its successor, the Romance languages, the modern branch of the Italic languages. When the other Italic languages ​​became extinct, can not be determined with certainty, but it is certainly still in antiquity, most probably before the Christian era.

Scope richer literature is obtained only from the Latin, Oscan and Umbrian. The other Italic languages ​​are documented only by a few brief inscriptions.

In terms of linguistics, the term does not include Italic languages ​​about all testified in Italy of the ancient languages ​​and dialects, but only two groups whose Indo-European representatives, who were split into many sub-groups and dialects. The assignment of most, mostly hardly attested languages ​​is unclear; the only certainty is the assignment of the eponymous for the subgroups Languages: The close relationship of Latin with the Faliskischen and the Oscan of the Umbrian is responsible for the division of the Italic languages.

The Messa Pische in Apulia was an Illyrian dialect, the Venetian set probably has its own branch of the Indo-European language family represents the Lepontische was a mainland Celtic language.

In addition, there was on the floor of ancient Italy Etruscan and Rhaetic, which is attributed according to the majority view is not of Indo-European language family. Uncertain is also the affiliation of the Ligurian.

The modern branch of the Italic languages ​​are the Romance languages ​​( = Vulgar Latin Vulgar Latin ) are descended from Latin, and are common in Italy, France, Switzerland, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Romania, the Philippines and in South and Central America.


  • Latino Faliscan languages Latin Romance languages
  • Oscan
  • Umbrisch
  • Äquisch
  • Marrukinisch
  • Marsisch
  • Pälignisch
  • South Pikenisch
  • Sabine
  • Vestinisch
  • Volskisch
  • Elymian
  • Sikulisch