J. R. Clynes

John Robert Clynes ( born March 27, 1869 in Oldham, Lancashire, England; † 23 October 1949 in London) was a British politician.


Clynes worked as a union official since 1889 and was one after the founding of the Labour Party in 1900 the first members.

At the general election in 1906 that brought a gain of 25 seats to 29 now, he was first elected a deputy of the House (House of Commons ), in which he the constituency Manchester North East represented until 1918. Between 1912 and 1937 he was chairman of the Union of administrative staff ( National Union of General and Municipal Workers ). In 1918 he was re-elected as a representative of the constituency of Manchester Platting and belonged to the House of Commons until 1931.

During the second coalition government led by Prime Minister David Lloyd George, he was since October 1916 Parliamentary Secretary to Minister of Food, Lord Rhondda and was even briefly after the resignation of Lord Rhondda 1918 Food Minister. In 1919, he was Deputy Leader of the Labour Party in the House.

In 1921, he eventually became chairman of the Labour Party. After Ramsay MacDonald was defeated in 1922 for re-election as party leader, he was again Deputy Leader of the Labour Party.

In the formed by Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald first Labour government he was from January to November 1924, Lord Privy Seal ( Lord Privy Seal). Although he only Deputy Leader of the Labour Party in the House was nominally, but he took over a large part of the duties of the chairman because of the high commitment to MacDonalds in the foreign policy of the post-war period.

In the second cabinet of the Labour Party MacDonald appointed him in June 1929 Minister of the Interior ( Home Secretary ) in the government. As MacDonald, however, in August 1931 formed his National Government to Clynes joined as some other ministers of the current government and the opposition suffered at the general election in October 1931 defeat.

In 1935 he was elected to represent the constituency Manchester Platting until 1945 for Members of the House of Commons. However, it was not subsequently appointed to a government.