Karlheinz Martin

Karl Heinz Martin (also: Karl Heinz Martin, often abbreviated KH Martin) ( born May 6, 1886 in Freiburg im Breisgau, † January 13, 1948 in Berlin) was a German theater director and from 1919 to 1939 as a film director and screenwriter active.


Karl Heinz Martin began his theater career as an actor in 1904 in Kassel. His next stops were Naumburg, Hannover and Mannheim. In the summer theater in Bad Schandau he led in 1909 to the first -time director. He then went to Frankfurt am Main, where he spent three years in charge of the comedy house. He then moved to the Playhouse, where he was the driving artistic force in the following years. He staged Molière and Shakespeare cycles and helped with his performances as 1915 by citizens Schippl (Carl Sternheim ) the stage Expressionism breakthrough.

In Berlin in 1919, he was co-founder of the avant-garde theater grandstand, where he staged the conversion of Ernst Toller piece with great success.

He also worked at the Little Theatre in Berlin, at the Viennese popular theater, Raimund Theater, at the German Art Theatre Berlin at the Theater am Nollendorfplatz, at the Volksbühne am Bülowplatz ( Rosa - Luxembourg - Platz, Berlin -Mitte), where he was in 1928 director, and the Kammerspielen the Deutsches Theater, Berlin.

After the end of World War 2 he was concerned about the reconstruction of the theater work deserves. On August 15, 1945, he opened the Hebbel Theater in Berlin with Brecht's Threepenny Opera again to then bring out some world premieres: the German premiere of Friedrich Wolf Professor Mamlock, the world premiere of Gunther way Borns illegals and the world premiere of Georg Kaiser soldier Tanaka. He also directed the Renaissance Theatre.


Since 1919 Years Martin also acted in the film. His most important contribution was the expressionist film from morning to midnight (1920 ) on the eponymous play by Georg Kaiser. The decorations are painted with white lines distorted and served on the background with black walls. With the front of stylized acting actors Martin has created one of the purest works of Expressionism in the film. The film was at the time no rental and ran probably only a few German cinemas. A copy of the film was found later in Japan.

Martin wrote in 1931 together with Alfred Döblin the screenplay for Phil Jutzis Berlin - Alexanderplatz. While it only sporadically theater work was made possible after 1933, he turned some undemanding entertainment films.

Karl -Heinz Martin helped during the Nazi regime persecuted artists, so the famous dancer and anti-fascist Jean Weidt the flight from Germany. Weidt in France was the most successful dancer and choreographer of modern French dance. Martin got on his commitment on behalf of persecuted fellow artists only inconsequential directing of the UFA transferred.

In the 1930s, Karl Heinz Martin was temporarily married to the Austrian actress Rose Stradner.