Sir Maurice Vincent Wilkes ( born June 26, 1913 in Dudley, † November 29, 2010 in Cambridge ) was a British computer scientist and physicist. In 1967 he received the Turing Award, the 1992 Kyoto Prize.
Wilkes was educated at St John 's College (Bachelor 1934) and the Cavendish Laboratory (Master 1936, Ph.D. 1937, dissertation on the propagation of radio waves in the ionosphere ) of the University of Cambridge physics. He then worked as a research assistant at the Mathematical Laboratory, the newly created computer lab at the University of Cambridge, works. After military service as a radar engineer from 1939 to 1945, he was appointed head of the computer labs. He got there in 1946 a one-day insight into John von Neumann of Leslie John Comrie brought to England First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC, and then visited the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania for a few lectures on the design of digital computers. Douglas Rayner Hartree He learned, Howard Hathaway Aiken, Herman H. Goldstine, John William Mauchly and John Presper Eckert know and discussed with them the future of computing. Back in Cambridge, he spent the next few years with the construction of the EDSAC, the first practical stored program computer. He remained until 1980, the head of the late 1960s in Computer Laboratory renamed the Institute, and from 1965 was also a professor of computer technology.
In addition, Wilkes was 1957-1960 founding member and first president of the British Computer Society, 1980-1986 Consultant at Digital Equipment Corporation, 1981-1985 adjunct professor at MIT, 1991-1994 Board member of ACM, and 1986-2002 Consultant the Olivetti research Strategy Board (from 1997 Olivetti & Oracle research Lab, from 1999 aT & T Laboratories).
In 1951, he presented at a conference and in (among other things with David Wheeler written ) first book on computer programming, the micro- programming before. From 1974 on, he dealt with network technology and designed one of the first occurrences of a token ring ( Cambridge Ring) as well as in 1980 with Roger Needham, the client -server system Cambridge Model Distributed System.
In his honor, is awarded the Maurice Wilkes Award from the ACM.
Writings (selection )
- With Stanley Gill and David Wheeler: Preparation of Programs for at Electronic Digital Computer. Addison -Wesley, 1951.
- Time-sharing computer system. Macdonald, London, 1968; American Elsevier, New York 1968. Too German in Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich, 1970.