Metropolitan Railway

The Metropolitan Railway, also known as the Met, was a predecessor of today's London Underground. It operated an extensive passenger and freight transport in the metropolitan area of the British capital London. Your first line was opened on 10 January 1863 and led from Paddington Station to Farringdon Street in the vicinity of the City of London. These were the first underground railway in the world. From the Metropolitan Railway, the term Metro does not wick, which is common in the Romance and Slavic languages ​​, but in English-speaking countries and in particular in London itself.

The line was soon extended at both ends and from Baker Street to the north. 1864 reached the Met Hammersmith and 1877 Richmond. 1884 could be completed along with the District Railway, the inner ring route ( inner circle ). For the main route of the Met, however, those developed in the rural area of Middlesex, where they stimulated the development of several new suburbs. The track finally reached to Verney Junction in Buckinghamshire - located north-east of Oxford and more than 80 kilometers from the center of London.

The electric drive was introduced in 1905 and two years later perverted EMUs on the largest part of the route network. However sailed steam trains for decades single remote sections. In contrast to other railway companies in the region, the London Metropolitan Railway also undertook property developments; after the First World War they marketed new housing estates in addition to their routes under the name Metro -land. On 1 July 1933, the Metropolitan Railway went on along with the undergrounds of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London as well as the tram and bus companies in the public company London Passenger Transport Board.

Today former routes and stations of the Metropolitan Railway of five lines of the London Underground (Metropolitan, Circle, Hammersmith & City Line, Piccadilly Line and Jubilee Line), as well as the railway company Chiltern Railways are used.