Mount Hood

Seen Mt Hood from Mirror Lake from

The stratovolcano Mount Hood is located approximately 70 km east of Portland in the U.S. state of Oregon. With 3425 meters it is the highest mountain in Oregon and the fourth highest in the Cascade Range. It lies on the border between the counties Clackamas and Hood River. Mount Hood is the center of the Mount Hood National Forest, large parts of the mountain are under the name of Mount Hood Wilderness as Wilderness Area, the strictest class of protected natural areas in the United States, reported.

The Native Americans called the mountain Wy'east. The first Europeans described him William Robert Broughton, a member of George Vancouver's expedition. Is named the mountain after the British Admiral Lord Samuel Hood.

On the south side of Mount Hood is directly above the tree line in 1937 built Timberline Lodge. The building served as the backdrop for the exterior shots of 1980 turned movie " The Shining " by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel by Stephen King.

Volcanic activity

In the last 15,000 years Mount Hood had four eruptive periods. The last, as Old Maid eruptive period designated phase took place between 1740 and 1810 at the latest. The larger eruptions ended shortly before the arrival of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1805 and 1806, the report that the Sandy River was buried with volcanic material. 1903 was last seen smaller steam and ash emissions. Fumaroles were most of the 20th century active. Mount Hood is considered potentially active volcano, 1820 began the systematic monitoring, since the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980 is also Mount Hood intensive monitoring. The twelve glaciers on the slopes of the mountain are a potential hazard; in the event of an outbreak may occur lahars.


On the slopes of Mount Hood, there are twelve glaciers. These twelve glaciers cover about 80 % of the area of the mountain cone; together they contain about 0.35 km ³ of ice. The glaciers of Mount Hood extend to about 2100 m lower altitude. The most famous is the Palmer Glacier, especially since he belongs to a well-known ski resort. Here is a list of the twelve glaciers:

  • (Also called Coleman Glacier ) coalman Glacier: This is the Pinnacle Glacier
  • Coe Glacier: Located on the north side.
  • Eliot Glacier: Located on the northeast side.
  • Glisan Glacier: Located on the north west side.
  • Ladd Glacier: Located on the north west side. Through a glacier run in 1961, among other parts of western slip road were destroyed.
  • Langille Glacier: Located north-northeast of the summit.
  • Newton Clark Glacier: Located on the east side.
  • Palmer Glacier: Located on the south side.
  • Reid Glacier: Located on the west side; he feeds the Sandy River
  • Sandy Glacier: Located on the west side; he feeds the Muddy Fork, which flows, in turn, in the Sandy River.
  • White River Glacier: Located on the south side, then east to the Palmer Glacier; he feeds the White River. Glacier runs occurred in the years 1926, 1931, 1946, 1949, 1959 and 1968. Regularly doing the bridge of Highway 35 was destroyed on the White River.
  • Zigzag Glacier: Located on the southwest side; he feeds the Zigzag River.