Mount Baker

Mount Baker seen from the northeast

Mount Baker is a 3285 m high stratovolcano with an ice-covered mountain peak in the Cascade Range in Washington ( Whatcom County). It is located about 50 kilometers east of the town Bellingham and is only 64 km from the Canadian city of Vancouver. The volcano has been designated by the Nooksack tribes as " coma Kulshan " ( German white steep mountain). It received its official name from Lieutenant Joseph Baker, under the command of George Vancouver sighted the mountain was the first European on April 30, 1792 aboard the HMS Discovery.

After Mount Rainier Mount Baker of the most ice-covered volcano in the Cascade Range: The mass of snow and ice is 1.8 km ³ and is thus larger than that of all the volcanoes of the mountain range together (except Mount Rainier ). He is also one of the world's mountains with the most snowfall: In 1999, he set the ( unofficial ) world record for the most snowfall in one season ( 2855 cm).

The mountain is about 30,000 years old, however, rests on the edge of the extinct and eroded volcano Black Buttes, which was active about 500,000 to 300,000 years ago. The recent eruptions of Mount Baker took place mid-19th century. In the late 1950s has seen many kleinvoluminöse attachment. Beginning of the 1970s showed a steam or smoke cloud and the location below the summit reservoir was emptied as a precaution to prevent possible flooding of the city of Everett.

The mountain and its surroundings are popular with climbers, mountaineers, hikers, snowmobile riders, skiers, campers and much more The normal route for an ascent of the mountain via the Easton Glacier. For him to be generally requires two days.