Reston is an unincorporated planned city in the west of Fairfax County in Virginia. In 2000, a census showed a total population of 56 407 inhabitants. Although comparatively small, Reston is the seat of the U.S. Geological Survey and the National Wildlife Federation.
Reston tries to maintain a strict development plan, in detail even color and color manufacturer prescribed for siding in the. A " Design Review Board" acts as the regulatory authority for changes. Due to the complex bureaucratic process, which is required for permits through the body, but many local residents ignore the official rules.
Reston was designed as a planned city by Robert E. Simon and founded on its 50th birthday, April 17, 1964, named after his initials. Reston is the first modern planned city, leading to a revival of the planned city concept by itself. Simon's plan was the use of building complexes with high residential density prior to the conservation of large, open spaces. These areas should then various purposes, such as the use by business, industry, as well as educational and recreational activities supplied. The first purpose-built section of the Anne Plaza Lake, was modeled on a on a lake built, European settlement. Through this careful planning was Reston large wooded areas and various streams, but no floodplains, as Reston was built in the midst of oak, maple, sycamore and Virginiakieferwäldern.
1989 were imported from the Philippines and in the primate quarantine station from Hazleton Research Products (HRP ) quartered monkeys signs of haemorrhagic fever. The cause of the first simian virus was suspected, which is indeed devastating for monkeys but harmless to humans. After sending a sample to the USAMRIID to the inducing virus, however, presented as the non- dangerous Ebola out. However, the here found, previously unknown strain differs from the other Filoviridae, because unlike them he has no pathogenic effect on people. This strain was named as Ebola Reston.
Based on this incident, wrote Richard Preston later the book Hot Zone.
Reston is located 15 minutes from the Washington Dulles International Airport and has four departures on the Dulles Toll Road, which the city along a west-northwest -to- east-south - axis divides:
- The Fairfax County Parkway, which north-south, the west side of Reston's cuts,
- The Reston Parkway through the city center,
- The Wiehle Avenue which is curved through the northeastern residential area,
- And the Hunter Mill Road on the eastern border with the city Vienna.
Office buildings are located mainly along two streets with confusingly similar names: the Sunrise Valley Drive in the south and Sunset Hills Road to the north of the city.
Once the Metrorail system from West Falls Church is extended to Dulles Airport, Reston has two stops: near the cross Wiehle Avenue / Toll Road in Phase 1 and near the cross Reston Parkway / Toll Road in Phase 2 of the expansion. Until then, the county has a number of bus rapid which operate on weekdays between the free parking areas and the Metrorail stop West Falls Church. Reston itself also has an internal bus system ( RIBS ).
Reston is located at 38 ° 57'16 " North and 77 ° 20'47 " west latitude.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau Reston covers a total area of 45 km ², of which 44.4 km ² of land and 0.5 km ² accounts for water, which corresponds to a share of 1.21 %. Reston has four artificial lakes: Lake Anne, Lake Audubon, Lake Newport, and Lake Thoreau. Another artificial lake, Lake Fairfax, though located in parts of Reston area, but is attributed to the park areas of the county.
In the city limits Reston is a secondary school, the South Lakes High School. In the same area there is also the only middle school: Langston Hughes Middle School. In addition, Reston has a number of primary schools
- Dogwood Elementary School
- Hunters Woods Elementary School for the Arts and Sciences
- Sunrise Valley Elementary School
- Terraset Elementary School
- Forest Edge Elementary School
- Buzz Aldrin Elementary School
- Lake Anne Elementary School
- Neil Armstrong Elementary School
- Reston Montessori School
Reston does not engage in universities, the University of Phoenix has a campus in Reston.
At the 2000 census, there were 56,407 inhabitants in 23,320 households. The population density is 1,270 inhabitants per km ². There are 24,210 housing complexes with an average density of 545 per km ². The average annual income for a household is $ 80,018, the family of one at $ 94.061. Males have a median income of $ 70,192, women $ 45,885. The per capita income for the city is $ 42,747. 4.5 % of the population and 3.2% of families are below the poverty line. Of the total population are 6.1% under the age of 18 and 7.0 % of those over 65 years. A portion of the living space is reserved for social housing.