Fairfax County, Virginia

Fairfax County is a county located in the state of Virginia in the United States. In the census of 2010 the population of 1,081,726 inhabitants and population density 1057 people per square kilometer, respectively. Fairfax County is thus both the most populous county in Virginia, as well as in the metropolitan area of Washington, DC. Administrative seat ( County Seat) is Fairfax. After the neighboring Loudoun County residents of Fairfax enjoy the second highest average household income of all counties in the United States.


Fairfax County is located in the extreme northeast of Virginia, is bordered to the northeast and southwest of Maryland and has an area of 1053 square kilometers, of which 30 square kilometers are water surface. It encloses Arlington County and the City of Alexandria in the east and borders so that the closer districts of the metropolitan Washington DC. Border with Maryland is formed by the Potomac River. The county is divided into nine districts: Braddock District, Dranesville District, Hunter Mill District, Lee District, Mason District, Mount Vernon District, Providence District, Springfield District, Sully District. In the southwest and northwest of the county Fairfax Prince William and Loudoun are.


Made the County 1742 from parts of Prince William County. The name derives from Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron. 1757 two-thirds of the area is separated, in order to form the Loudoun County in the northwest. During the American Civil War, the Second Battle of Bull Run took place on the territory of the county on July 21, 1861, the first and from 28 to August 30, 1862 instead. Subsequently, the same battle took place at Chantilly.

The expansion of the public sector since the Second World War in the United States in the following decades led to the establishment of many federal agencies and government-related institutions, such as Freddie Mac, Fort Belvoir and the Defense Logistics Agency. At the same time, the relocation of the airport Washington Dulles attracted numerous companies, including, for example, Northrop Grumman, Booz Allen Hamilton, Capital One, Gannett and General Dynamics. The economy of Fairfax County is now in a particularly high degree of services, especially those in the public sector and financial services and high technology dominated. In Fairfax today there is a higher concentration of employees in the high- tech sector than in Silicon Valley. As a result, since then, the population rose rapidly and there was a presently continuing suburbanisation.

1968 was opened in Tysons Corner on a hitherto quiet, rural road crossing the Tysons Corner Center, one of the first fully air-conditioned shopping malls in the country, which has since been enlarged several times. In the following years was built around the shopping center around a mix of other temples Shopping, freeways and a large number of office palaces, which has become a symbol of the outskirts development of U.S. cities in recent decades. With a total area of ​​2,390,000 m² of office space Tysons Corner is the largest suburban office and business district of the United States.

Demographic data

1900-1990 2000

According to the census in 2000 lived in Fairfax County 969 749 people in 350 714 households and 250 409 families. The population density was 948 people per square kilometer. The racial the population was made ​​up of 69.91 percent White, 8.57 percent African American, 0.26 percent Native Americans, 13 percent of Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, 0.07 percent and 4.54 percent from other races; 3.65 percent were descended from two or more races. 11.03 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino.

Of the 350 714 households out of which 36.3 percent have children under the age of 18 living with them. 59.4 percent were married couples living together, 8.6 percent were single mothers, 28.6 percent were non-families, 21.4 percent of all households and 4.8 percent had someone living alone at the age of 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.20 persons.

Based on the county the population was spread from 25.4 percent population under 18 years, 7.5 percent between 18 and 24 years, 33.9 percent between 25 and 44 years, 25.3 percent between 45 and 64 years and 7.9 percent were 65 years old or older. The average age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 men statistically.

Fairfax County is facing the average household income as one of the wealthiest counties in the United States. The median income for a household was $ 81,050, and the median income for a family was $ 92,146. Males have a median income of $ 60,503, women $ 41,802. The per capita income was $ 36,888. 3.0 percent of families and 4.5 percent of the population lived below the poverty line. Of these, 5.2 percent were children or adolescents under 18 years old and 4.0 percent are 65 years old.

Cities and Towns

Within the county, the three self-governing municipalities exist ( Incorporated Towns ) Clifton, Herndon and Vienna. Fairfax, the seat of the county belongs, itself, however, the County not to. Other important towns are Annandale, Burke, Great Falls, Huntington, McLean, Reston and Tysons Corner.

The small town of Wolf Trap is known by the Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts and the local Wolf Trap Opera Company.