Essex County (Virginia)

Essex County is a county located in the state of Virginia in the United States. In 2000, the County had 9989 inhabitants and a population density of 15 inhabitants per square kilometer. The administrative headquarters ( County Seat) is Tappahannock.


Essex County is located almost in the extreme northeast of Virginia, about 25 kilometers, from Maryland, and has an area of ​​740 square kilometers, of which 73 square kilometers are water surface. It is bordered clockwise to the following counties: Westmoreland County, Richmond County, Middlesex County, King and Queen County, Caroline County and King George County.


Made it in 1692 from the (old ) Rappahannock County. It was named after the eponymous county in England or after the Duke of Essex.

Demographic data

1900-1990 2000

According to the census of 2000, lived in Essex County, 9,989 people in 3,995 households and 2,740 families. The population density was 15 people per square kilometer. The racial the population was made ​​up of 57.96 percent White, 39.04 percent Black or African American, 0.55 percent Native American, 0.81 percent Asian, 0.03 percent of residents from the Pacific Islander and 0.32 percent from other races groups; 1.28 percent were descended from two or more races. 0.72 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 3,995 households out of which 28.0 percent have children under the age of 18 living with them. 50.7 percent were married couples living together, 14.0 percent were single mothers, 31.4 percent were non-families, 26.1 percent of all households and 11.3 percent lived in people aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95 persons.

Based on the county the population was spread from 22.9 percent population under 18 years, 7.0 percent between 18 and 24 years, 27.0 percent between 25 and 44 years, 25.7 percent between 45 and 64 years and 17.3 percent were 65 years old or older. The average age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 men statistically.

The median income for a household was $ 37,395, and the median income for a family was $ 43,588. Males have a median income of $ 29,736, women $ 22,253. The per capita income was $ 17,994. 7.7 percent of families and 11.2 percent of the population lived below the poverty line. Of these, 16.8 percent were children or adolescents under age 18 and 11.8 percent of those 65 years.