Roanoke (Virginia)


Roanoke [ spoken ' Rounouk '] ( Nickname: The Star City of the South, the Star City of the South) is a county-level city in the U.S. state of Virginia. The name comes from the Roanoke Roanoke Indians, who have lived on the northeast coast of North Carolina in the 17th century.


The first explorers explored the Roanoke Valley in the 17th century. An expedition report of 1671 reported " blue mountains and a narrow flat valley near the Roanoke River." For the next 70 years, however, the region of settlers was spared.

As the country developed east of the Blue Ridge Mountains, made ​​themselves the first on the way to the West Virginia. These early settlers were joined by like-minded people from Pennsylvania who were of Shenandoah for new possibilities of life in the fertile valley. The newcomers began in 1740 with agriculture in the Roanoke Valley.

As dealers and new farmers who settled in the region, always sprouted new communities from the ground. Botetourt County was the place Fincastle as the administrative headquarters established in the year 1769. For a short time the circle to the banks of the Mississippi River stretching. Roanoke County was split off in 1838 by Botetourt. In 1851 Craig and Giles County and Monroe County, which have been extracted from Botetourt County and Roanoke County.

The first settlements were founded in the area that the City of Roanoke has today, at the beginning of the 19th century: Antwerp in 1801, Gainsborough 1825 and Old Lick in 1834 Gainsborough was the most populous settlement, to the village of Town of Big. Lick was proclaimed in 1874. This small village with not even 500 inhabitants in 1882 to the " Town of Roanoke " and two years later to the "City of Roanoke ." The new city was situated on the old " Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad ," which later became the " Norfolk and Western " ( N & WR).

With the completion of the connection between the " Shenandoah Valley Railroad " from Hagerstown and the new N & WR at Roanoke the starting signal has been given for a quick growth of the city. At this time also the neighboring Vinton was founded.

The place Salem, founded in 1806, was the administrative center of the circle, as it was at the beginning of the period of the largest non-autonomous place of place and was located on the railway line. Salem long remained the main center in the area. In 1968, the city of Salem earned his status as an independent city.

The geographical location west of the Blue Ridge Mountains and in the middle of the valley between Maryland and Tennessee was the key to rapid growth of the city. Its status as a hub for transportation of all kinds, including the headquarters of Norfolk Southern Corporation was indebted to. Today, passengers and cargo are handled by the regional airport and the well-connected highway network.

The Roanoke Valley is the center for industry, commerce, health, education, tourism, conventions and entertainment in western Virginia.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of ​​111.1 km ² ( 42.9 mi ²). 111.1 km ² ( 42.9 mi ²) of it is land area and 0.1 km ² ( 0.04 mi ² ) of water. Corresponding to 0.07 % of the area of the total area.


According to the 2000 census, the city has 94 911 inhabitants, spread over 42,003 households or 24 235 families. The population density is 855 inhabitants per km ² ( 2213.2 / mi ²). There are 45 257 residential units, which corresponds to an average of 408 per km ² ( 1,055.3 / mi ²).

The inhabitants are in terms of their origin to 69.38 % European, 26.74 % African, 1.48% Hispanic, 1.15 % Asian, 0.20 % Native American, 0.02 % Oceanians, 0.72% other, and 1.78% have two or more origin backgrounds.

Of the 42,003 households 25.5% have children under the age of 18, 37.1 % are married couples, 16.5% are single or single women without a male partner, and 42.3 % are non-families. 35.9 % are single-person households, and 12.8% are single persons over 65, the average household size is 2.2 and the average family size is 2.86 people.

The population distribution by age is as follows: 22.6% are under 18, 8.2 % from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 22.3% between 45 and 64, and 16.4 % are older than 65, the median is 38 years. For every 100 women / girls are 88.3 men / boys. For every 100 females over 18 are 84.3 males.

The average income per household is $ 30,719, and the median family income at $ 37,826. Males have a median income of $ 28,465 as opposed to $ 21,591 for females. The per capita income is $ 18,468. 15.9 % of the population and 12.9 % of families are below the poverty line.

1980-2010: census results


Roanoke maintains partnership Bezhiehungen to

  • Brazil Florianopolis, Brazil
  • Kenya Kisumu, Kenya
  • China People's Republic of Lijiang, People's Republic of China
  • Poland Opole, Poland
  • Russia Pskov, Russia
  • France Saint- Lo, France
  • Flag of South Korea Wonju, South Korea

Sons and daughters of the town