Accomack County, Virginia

Accomack County is a county located in the state of Virginia in the United States. In the 2000 census, the county had 38 305 inhabitants and a population density of 32 inhabitants per square kilometer. The administrative headquarters ( County Seat) is Accomac. The name comes from Accomack accawmacke, which means over the waterhole.


Accomack County is located in the east of the Delmarva Peninsula, Virginia offshore and covers an area of ​​3393 square kilometers, of which 2214 square miles are water. It is bordered to the south by Northampton County and on the north by the state of Maryland.


Accomack County was formed in 1663 from parts of Northampton County. Thus, the peninsula was henceforth from two counties. From colonial times to today, the production of agricultural products came first. The first farmer planted to tobacco and also later the livestock was added. Most animals grazed freely on the peninsula, as the sea formed a natural barrier. The many small rivers served as the waterways to transport the products to the Chesapeake Bay or the Atlantic Ocean. 1880, the first railway line was built in the area and along the rails formed new settlements.

Another food source represented the fishing, in which the first settlers to the Chesapeake Bay made ​​their advantage of the difference of the tide at the entrance without having to go out with ships. This type of fishing took the settlers several generations. Today there are several oyster beds here.


  • Cape Charles Museum - with old railways and steamships
  • Custis Tomb - preserved and restored buildings along the Arlington Creek
  • Eyre Hall Gardens - a historic property with a mansion from 1735, built of stones from England, which were carried as ballast on sailing ships.
  • Barrier Iceland Center
  • Ker Place - a 1799 -built mansion, authentically restored and converted into a museum
  • Eastern Shore Railroad Museum - a railway museum with restored trains from the mid 19th century
  • NASA Wallops Visitor Center - around various Apollo missions
  • Oyster and Maritime Museum - around the local fishing and oyster farming, which is operated here since the outbreak of the civil war in 1861
  • Refuge Waterfowl Museum - a selection of living here waterfowl

Demographic data

1900-1990 2000

According to the census of 2000, there were 38 305 people in Accomack County. Of these, 864 people were living in collective centers, the other inhabitants lived in 15,299 households and 10,388 families. The population density was 32 ​​people per square kilometer. The racial the population was made ​​up of 63.38 percent White, 31.56 percent Black or African American, 0.33 percent Native American, 0.22 percent Asian, 0.06 percent of residents from the Pacific Islander and 3.57 percent from other races groups; 0.89 percent were descended from two or more races. 5.38 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 15,299 households out of which 28.9 percent have children under the age of 18 living with them. 49.2 percent were married couples living together, 14.4 percent were single mothers, 32.1 percent were non-families, 27.7 percent of all households and 12.5 percent lived in people aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96.

Based on the county the population was spread from 24.3 percent population under 18 years, 8.2 percent between 18 and 24 years, 26.2 percent between 25 and 44 years, 24.7 percent between 45 and 64 years and 16.7 percent were 65 years old or older. The average age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males to 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household was $ 30,250, and the median income for a family was $ 34,821. Males had a median income of $ 27,078, women $ 19,590. The per capita income was $ 16,309. 13.0 percent of families and 18.0 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.

Cities and Towns

  • Accomac
  • Assateague Iceland
  • Belle Haven
  • Bloxom
  • Chincoteague Iceland
  • Chincoteague
  • Hallwood
  • Basement
  • Melfa
  • Onancock
  • Onley
  • Painter
  • Parksley
  • Quinby
  • Saxis
  • Tangier
  • Tasley
  • Temperanceville
  • Wachapreague