San Jacinto Mountains
Topographic map of the San Jacinto Mountains and the neighboring mountains
North side of the San Jacinto Mountains
The San Jacinto Mountains ( Mohave Language: Avii Hanupach ) are a mountain range in Riverside County of the U.S. state of California. They are the northernmost part of the Peninsular Ranges. The highest point of the mountain range, with 3302 m of the San Jacinto Peak represents the San Jacinto Mountains are named after Saint Hyacinth of Caesarea.
The San Jacinto Mountains extend over a length of approximately 50 km from the San Bernardino Mountains to the southeast to the Santa Rosa Mountains and form the northernmost part of the mountains of the Peninsular Ranges, from here more than 1500 km to the southern tip of Baja California. Highest mountain in the San Jacinto Mountains is 3302 m with the San Jacinto Peak. As part of the North American Continental Divide, the San Jacinto Mountains separate the Salton Sea from the Pacific Ocean.
The mountain is located in the north of the Riverside counties in California. East borders the San Jacinto Mountains in the Coachella Valley with the cities of Palm Springs and Rancho Mirage. The northern end of the San Jacinto Mountains is formed by the San Gorgonio Pass, which also marks the border to the San Bernardino Mountains and the San Gorgonio Mountain. On the western slope of the San Jacinto Mountains, the place Idyllwild - Pine Cove, to the west is the San Jacinto Valley thereof with the cities of Hemet and San Jacinto.
The San Jacinto Mountains are partially surrounded by created in 2000, Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument. Mount San Jacinto State Park is located on San Jacinto Peak. Part of the Eastern Mountains is part of an Indian reservation of Cahuilla. Since 1990, the San Jacinto Mountains protected inter alia by the Coachella Valley Mountains Conservancy.
The San Jacinto Mountains are considered Sky Iceland, a name for mountains that are surrounded by valleys with clearly different environment. This phenomenon occurs due to altitude levels and is demonstrated by animal and plant species in the San Jacinto Mountains, which would not survive the hot temperatures of some 40 ° C or more in the lowlands. The vegetation of the San Jacinto Mountains is marked accordingly greatly from height and air of the mountains. Close to the valley floor, the weather conditions are hot and dry, which is why there occur only species that are adapted thereto, such as the California Black Oak ( Quercus kelloggii ) and Coulter pine ( Pinus coulteri ).
Terms of man
The local Cahuilla Indians live in the desert landscape below the San Jacinto Mountains. In the mountains they hunt itself and recover from the heat in the valley.
The artist Carl Eytel (1862 - 1925) and Paul A. Grimm (1892 - 1974) from Palm Springs have the San Jacinto Mountains, often used as a motive.
Directors from Hollywood have the mountains and the surrounding region have often chosen as the location for their films, even to get away from the otherwise bustling Southern California.
The San Jacinto Mountains are a popular destination. Several hiking trails in the mountains are committed frequently, a leading example of the mountain station of the Palm Springs Aerial Tramway over 700 meters up to San Jacinto Peak. Also, the long-distance hiking Pacific Crest Trail runs on the back of the San Jacinto Mountains along.
Above Idyllwild - Pine Cove to the west of the mountains lie the Tahquitz Peak and other climbing areas.