Uddevalla is a city in the Swedish province of Västra Götaland County and the historic province of Bohuslän.
The largest city in Bohuslän, is located at the mouth of the river Bäveån in the Byfjord, about 85 km north of Gothenburg on the European road E 06 The city is the capital of the municipality of the same name.
Uddevalla, which lay in the Danish-Norwegian Kingdom at that time, got its town privileges before 1498 It was -. Due to its sheltered location, but near the North Sea coast - an important station in the border trade between Sweden and Norway. On the other hand, the city was also threatened by the numerous conflicts between Sweden and Denmark. So it was 1519, 1564, 1611 and burned down in 1644 by Danish and Swedish troops.
In 1658 Uddevalla fell to Sweden. In the 18th century the town flourished as an important port for the export of wood and iron, and as a fishing port. The opening of the Trollhätte Uddevalla lost early 19th century a large part of the trading volume fell in 1806 a comprehensive city destroyed by fire and stagnated.
Only at the end of the 19th century the town developed into a modern industrial city with particularly textiles and later shipbuilding industry. But the crisis of the textile industry after the Second World War and the shipbuilding industry in the 1970s, launching a new recession.
From 1989 to Uddevalla was the site of a work of Volvo.
Almost the whole city was destroyed in the great fire of 1806. From the building then also do not get much, most of the city center, dates from the postwar period. Older buildings can still be found in the suburbs.
To the east of Uddevalla is a world-renowned motocross track, not the least is also distinguished by the fact that it is an integral part of the certification of Uddevalla on the EMAS standards.
In addition, Uddevalla has the sports stadium Rimnersvallen with a capacity of 12,000 spectators.
Uddevalla as Volvo site
The work which was planned with advice to the University of Gothenburg and the participation of the union, had to give target the workers more freedom with regard to the organization of work and to provide improved working conditions. The productivity of the plant was compared to other production facilities of Volvo higher, but it was already closed in 1993. The reasons behind this play a role, including the then rising unemployment in Sweden, so it was no longer necessary, attractive conditions for the workers prepare, as well as the possibility of poorer conversion to automated production. The reason for this was the type of production in the factory of Uddevalla did not work in the workers in steps of a few but of over 20 minutes.
The plant is often used as an exceptional example in textbooks that deal with a business organization and / or management.