United Aircraft Corporation
OAK (Russian Объединённая Авиастроительная Корпорация, Obedinjonnaja Awiastroitelnaja Korporazija, translated into English: United Aircraft Corporation) is a Russian aerospace consortium, which consists of the largest aircraft manufacturers in Russia, Sukhoi, Mikoyan -Gurevich, Tupolev, Ilyushin and IRKUT ( Beriev and Yakovlev ).
OAK was founded in February 2006 by a decree of the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin. The first phase of corporate concentration was completed in autumn 2006. Since then, OAK is the largest aerospace consortium that ever existed in Russia, even in comparison to the aviation industry of the former Soviet Union. In the Soviet government aviation industry already existed from the 1930s, about 25 so-called experimental design offices, including Sukhoi, Yakovlev, Beriev and Ilyushin, as well as some manufacturing plants.
Since September 2006, OAK has an interest of five per cent in the European aerospace group EADS. It is the bought in by the Russian state bank VTB former 20 - percent share of the British Aerospace Airbus. This Irkut is to enable a joint venture with EADS. EADS has in turn been a 10 per cent stake in Irkut.
With the establishment of OAK several strategic economic objectives. OAK is to enter into the international market in the intense competition among the English term United Aircraft Corporation with Western aircraft manufacturers, particularly the American aircraft manufacturer Boeing and EADS. For this it is first necessary to quickly take advantage associated with a merger synergies and increase the potential savings in the Russian aerospace industry, because OAK especially in cheaper prices sees a competitive advantage.
In the near future OAK should implement seven major projects. The aim is, among others, the development and series production of the Sukhoi Superjet 100 regional aircraft as well as an MS -21 medium-haul aircraft mentioned, previously a joint project of Irkut, Ilyushin and Tupolev. In addition, it is also intended EADS, developed by EADS and Airbus A320 family aircraft produced under license by Irkut ready to leave. It is assumed in journalist circles that the license should be granted only to meet demand on the Russian air transport market. As needed support comes especially the Russian flag carrier Aeroflot into consideration, which has long been different Airbus model integrated into its fleet. Both the MS- 21 and the proposed license production of the Airbus A320/321 are the modern alternative to Tupolev Tu -204, because of the high operating costs also could not prevail on the eastern market (including CIS countries ) in particular. Lack of efficiency is the most serious obstacle on the way to a competitive Russian civil aviation industry in commercial aircraft from Russian production dar.
The current range of aircraft types is composed of the together what the various Russian manufacturers had been offered any for themselves. This results in a comparatively complete offer.
- Long-range aircraft Il -96 -300: according to passenger numbers comparable to the Boeing 767 and the Airbus A330 -200.
- Il -96 -400: according to passenger numbers comparable to the Boeing 777 and the Airbus A340.
- Tu -204- 100 and Tu -214: externally similar to the Boeing 757, similar numbers of passengers as Boeing 737- 900ER or A321.
- Tu -204 -300: similar to Boeing 737-700 or A320.
- MS -21 as the successor of both in planning.
- Sukhoi Superjet 100: similar to Bombardier CSeries or the smaller of the Boeing 737-600 and Airbus A318 family.
- An-148: 2004 newly developed high-wing aircraft; externally similar to the Dornier 328-300.
- Tu -334: similar to CRJ and Embraer E-Jets; similar to Fokker 100 (Project 2009 set. )
- Il -114: very similar to the Saab 2000; in the same class as Bombardier Q Series or ATR 42
- Il -76
- Il -78
- MiG -29
- MiG -31
- MiG -35
- Su -27
- Su -34
- Su -35
- Su- 35BM
- Very difficult Il -96- 400T
- Difficult Il -76
- Medium Tu- 204C
- MTS ( competitor to the A400M )
- Easily Il -112