The Via Emilia (Latin Via Aemilia, German Aemilianische or Ämilianische road ) is a named after the Aemilii Roman road in northern Italy, along the banks of the Po and the foot of the Apennines. It connects the cities of Piacenza ( Placentia ) and Rimini ( Ariminum ) about Fidenza ( Fidentia ), Parma, Reggio Emilia ( Rhegium ), Modena ( Mutina ), Bologna ( Bononia ) and Imola and is the continuation of the Via Flaminia, which from Rome to Rimini led.
The Via Emilia was commissioned by the Roman consul Marcus Aemilius Lepidus created in the year 187 BC. The road was a whole region of Emilia, their name, which was previously called Cisalpine Gaul or Provincia Ariminum. Aemilia was at first only the popular name (for example, in Martial's poems ), as an official name appears, the name only to the second century.
The milestone 78 from Ariminum ( Rimini) was found in the river bed of the Rhenus ( Reno ) in Bononia (Bologna). He bears witness to the restoration of the road from Ariminum to the river Trebbia by Augustus in 2 BC. Remains of the bridge of the Via Emilia over the river were discovered in the 1890s, consisting of parts of the two-sided balustrade, originally about 11, 6 m were apart and consisted of ziegelverblendetem concrete. They belonged to a restoration since the earlier structure ( presumably in Augustus ' reconstruction ) of red Verona marble was. A massive protective wall, which was slightly above, must come from the Christian era, as a large number of Roman grave stones were used for its construction. The river bed was filled up to 6 meters well in the collapse of the bridge ( about the year 1000).
Another ancient ruins bridges are also still available. In San Savignano sul Rubicon in the province of Forlì -Cesena the Roman bridge was blown up until the Second World War, so that the current bridge is a reconstruction. The river, which it spans could be the Rubicon antiquity.
The Via Emilia is now considered Strada Statale 9 Via Emilia (SS 9) part of the Italian highway network.