Welwyn Garden City
51.800277777778 - 0.20638888888889Koordinaten: 51 ° 48 ' N, 0 ° 12' W
Welwyn Garden City is a town in Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom with 43 252 inhabitants ( 2001 census).
The name of Welwyn Garden City (pronounced [' wɛlɪn ]; would translate to Welwyn Garden City ) is often shortened to WGC or Welwyn GC. It should not with Welwyn ( Welwyn Village or even Old Welwyn) be confused, because this is an independent community a few miles northwest of WGC.
Welwyn Garden City is a garden city in terms of the movement of Ebenezer Howard. Howard himself has WGC founded in the 1920s ( as a second British garden city to Letchworth ); it was designed by Louis de Soissons.
Location and transport
WGC is located about 35 kilometers north of central London and forms since 1974, with the former rural districts ( "rural disctricts " ) and Welwyn Hatfield the District ( since 2006 Borough ) Welwyn Hatfield. As Hatfield WGC acts more and more as a bedroom community for commuters who work in London. The entire District in 2003 had 97,000 inhabitants.
From London to the south can be reached Welwyn Garden City on the motorway-like A1 ( M) passes to the west of the city; of you go to the east from the A414, which passes to the south by the WGC. The train station of WGC is at the route of the East Coast Main Line, a main axis of British Railways, which runs from London to Yorkshire to Scotland. In Welwyn takes them across a viaduct from Victorian times through the valley of the River Mimram.
The primary economic factors in the city are the food industry, pharmaceutical industry and computer companies. One of the biggest company is a breakfast cereal manufacturer, which now belongs to the Nestlé Group. However, the factory is to be closed because the company's site in WGC is too small; production is to be moved to Devon. North of town, the supermarket chain Tesco has a larger branch.
One of the ideas of the Garden city architects was that all residents should shop in the same store. Therefore, they put the Welwyn Store as a central point in the city center. Today it belongs to the John Lewis PLC department store chain and is no longer the only one in town.
1990, named after the city's founder Howard Centre shopping center was opened. From March 31 to April 17, 2006 took place against the Howard Centre, the first according to the organizers " German Easter " in the United Kingdom ( " German Easter Festival ", in the style of a Christmas market ) instead.
Sons and daughters of the town
Former Rolling Stones guitarist Mick Taylor, musician Chris Barber, the actress Briony McRoberts, the football player and goalkeeper of the English national team David James, the actor Edmund Purdom, the professional golfer Nick Faldo, the long-distance runner Liz Yelling, the model Lisa Snowdon and members of the British indie rock band the Subways are born in Welwyn Garden City.
Ebenezer Howard himself ( until his death in 1928 ), the artist Damien Hirst and Sandra Marshall, a co-founder of the women's movement " Feminenza " live or lived in the city.