The wheelchair dance is a disability sport in which partially move wheelchairs with non-disabled partners, dance to music. The wheelchair dance was founded in 1974 by Gertrude Krombholz, 1989 World and European Championships are held.
When wheelchair dancing as a sport, it is important to exploit the ( physical ) possibilities of the wheelchair user, without losing the character of the dances from the eyes. Meanwhile, the characters and choreography this principle has been adapted and perfected, it was established rules and created more opportunities for pair and Gruppentanzens. The spectrum ranges from classical dance to modern times and forms of artistic expression. It will be held amateur and professional sports competitions at home and abroad, which are different from the models only to the extent that at least one of the partners has a more or less pronounced mobility problems. Since 1989, the Standard and Latin dances World and European Championships will be held in the different classes.
There are various forms of wheelchair dance:
- When Combi dancing dances a non-disabled partner with a wheelchair user. In the first period of the wheelchair dance the non-disabled partner danced around the wheelchair, partially wheelchair users was pulled in the desired direction. Today, both partners dance together as equals, the able-bodied dancing with usual dance steps while the wheelchair is moving his wheelchair to the rhythm of music.
- When Duo - dancing two wheelchair dance together, both move her wheelchair in the clock and around each other or towards each other.
- When formation dancing dancing four to eight pairs in common, it can dance together during the formation dance both the Combi and Duo pairs.
- In the single - dancing a wheelchair user dances alone.
Development of Rollstuhltanzens as a sports discipline
The first dance activities of wheelchair users with each other and with non-disabled partners are the end of the nineteen sixties in rehabilitation centers ( as in the English " Spastic Society School " in London), leisure facilities (such as in a Swedish " Youth Club DHR " ) and before especially at social occasions (as in some German disabled facilities ) to register.
Initially danced wheelchair solely by the beat of the music ( "Single Dance" ) or two wheelchairs cooperated rhythmically and interactively ( " Duo dance "). From 1973, the first activities of integrative dancing between wheelchair users with non-disabled partners ( "Combi Dance" ) are recorded. International pioneering a demonstration of 14 wheelchair dancers was integrated into a project group of 128 dancers from the Technical University of Munich and 22,000 participants at the World gymnaestrada 1975 in Berlin.
The first national competitions were held in London / GBR at the 1st Wheel Chair Dance Festival 1971. The first national dance competition in the Combi - Style was 1975 1978 organized in Sweden, the first major international dance competition as " Oslo Open" in Norway, where many European countries gather in the following years first competition experience (including Denmark, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland ) were.
A highlight of the tournament beginning in Combi -Style 1980 was the "Wheelchair Dance Exhibition Contest" with Viennese Waltz, Tango, Samba and Jive involved in the former " II Winter Olympic Games for the Disabled " ( later Paralympic Winter Games) in Geilo / Norway. In 1984, the " European Cup in the Rock ' n ' Roll in Munich / GER a new dance accent.
The first European Championship was unofficially with three competition dances ( Waltz, Rumba, Viennese Waltz ) organized in the Netherlands in 1985, followed by the second in 1987 in Belgium. After the recognition of the Wheelchair Dance Sport 1989 by the " ISOD " Germany was allowed for the first time host an official European Championships in 1991. This was preceded in 1989 in Munich / GER the " first International Conference of Wheel Chair Dance " with 13 countries and the creation of first a " International Wheel Chair Assembly ", from 1991, a " ISOD Sub - Committees ", which in the years to pave the way for all competition rules and other international federation connections (1993 Europc / EPC 1995 as Affiliated IPC Sport, 1997 Paralympic sport whose status could not be maintained due to new guidelines 2002) presented.
The first World Cup was in 1998 in Japan. That same year, Wheel Chair Dance Sport was recognized as IPC Sport and WDS and the Technical Committee today directed by the IPC management team worldwide.
Was the wheelchair dance in the beginning more common in European countries, he later found a home, especially in Asia and America. So were now under the umbrella of the IPC six world championships and the EPC / IPC nine European Championships, as are many national and international dance competitions in the combi style are organized. Since 2006 Duo Dance is taken as an official discipline in the tournament program. Hanover was on 6/7 November 2010 hosted the 7th World Championships.
A major step forward in the development of the sporting wheelchair dance was adapting to the grant under IPC Handbook rules of competitive sports and the usual in dance sport Regulations of the World Dance Sport Federation / WDSF. Thus, the two sections "Standard Dances " and "Latin American Dances " were taken with the five specified dances for official Championships from 1999. Recently, the IPC has with the aim to continue to go with the IDSF signed a cooperation agreement in the Wheelchair Dance Sport reinforced common ways. The function of the National Paralympic Committee or "national paralympic committee" (NPC ) as a contact for the International Paralympic Committee (IPC ) is practiced in Germany by the German Disabled Sports Association.
According to the guidelines of the IPC ( the International Paralympic Committee ) start the nodes within the competition- related dances of the regions Standard ( Waltz, Viennese Waltz, Quickstep, Slow Foxtrot and Tango ) and Latin ( Cha -Cha -Cha, Rumba, Jive, Paso Doble and Samba) in two different groups, taking into account individual restriction:
- LWD 1 (" Level Wheel Chair Dancing" ): At least one of the participating wheelchair dancers reduced mobility in the upper body is present.
- LWD 2 (" Level Wheel Chair Dancing" ): The participating wheelchair dancers a largely unrestricted mobility of the upper body is present.
- Combi: Couple dancing with a " pedestrian " and a wheelchair user. Which partner is male or female, are not distinguished. Same-sex couples are allowed only in the width of sport.
- Duo: Couple dancing two wheelchairs. Same-sex couples are as allowed in the Combi, only in amateur sport.
- Formation: Several Combi - or Duopaare or individual dancers form a band with whom it matters particularly to a thematically imaginative choreography, implementation of music in movement and synchronicity.
- In freestyle, and the artistic and free dance forms of the imagination is the limit. Here are creating new and inventive choreography and ideas that can be implemented by a variety of groups on the flooring.
International German Classics / German championships / Germany Cup in wheelchair dance
Once a year, a Germany -wide tournament, the Germany Cup in wheelchair dance held in Rheinberg.