242 BC

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Year of the Earth- sheep己未( at the beginning of earth - horse戊午)

Syria: 70/71 ( the year in October )

Events

Politics and World Affairs

Western Mediterranean

  • Rome begins with the construction of a fleet, after the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca recorded increasingly successful in Sicily. The decision to naval construction is done at the instigation of the consul Gaius Lutatius Catulus.
  • The Romans conquer Lilybaeum and Drepanum.
  • In Rome the office of Praetor Peregrinus is introduced, which is responsible for disputes between Romans and foreigners.
  • King Agis IV of Sparta sets off his co-regent Leonidas II, who opposed his reforms.

Eastern Mediterranean

  • In the area of Damascus occurs between troops of the Seleucid Empire and Egypt in the Third Syrian War skirmishes.

Nature and Environment

Born

  • Antiochus III. (the Great), King of the Seleucid Empire († 187 BC)
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