Abdallah al- Rimawi ( Arabic عبد الله الريماوي ), also Abdullah al- Rimawi (* 1920 in Beit Rima near Ramallah, Palestine ) was a pan-Arab politician of Palestinian origin and briefly foreign minister of Jordan.
After he had completed his studies in mathematics and physics at the American University in Beirut with cum laude, returned ar - Rimawi 1940 he returned to Palestine and worked for the school authorities in Nablus, Jaffa, Tulkarm and Ramallah. As a professor of natural sciences in 1945 he went to Jerusalem, where he studied until 1951 Jura.
As a result of the UN partition plan and the subsequent Palestine War he joined in 1948, first the movement of Palestinian nationalists Mohammed Amin al -Husseini and was in Ramallah, Palestine, the magazine out. Together with the Palestinians Abdullah at - Nawas and Bahjat Abu Gharbiyah and the Jordanian Abdullah at Valley he founded in 1952 in Jerusalem, a Jordanian regional branch of the Baath party, whose Secretary General, he was in 1954. As a prosecutor, he moved from Ramallah in September 1956 for the Baath in the Jordanian parliament and joined the left-liberal coalition of Prime Minister Sulaimān to - Nābulusī. Since the Suez crisis in 1956 Foreign Minister, pursued ar - Rimawi one based on a model of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser and against the Baghdad Pact directed positive neutralist or pan-Arab course until the fall of al - Nabulsi in April 1957. Biggest foreign policy success of the government al - Nabulsi - and above all a success ar - Rimawis - was the termination of the British - Jordanian Treaty on 14 March 1957 as a result of the withdrawal of the occupying for 40 years Jordan British troops began.
Rimawi group against Aflaqisten
The conspiracy against King Hussein of Jordan indicted, he fled to Syria, which the Baath Party had resulted in a union with Nasser's Egypt in 1958. However, a condition of the Union was the resolution of the Syrian regional Baath Party have been what led to internal party disputes and finally to the split in the party. While the Union soon disappointed party founder to Michel Aflaq, Salah ad-Din al - Bitar and Akram al - Haurani in August 1959 fled to Beirut and were working from there to re secession of Syria from the Union, were ar - Rimawi, Gharbiyah and some more Nasserist ruled in September from persisting in Lebanon and other Arab regions Baath party ( on charges of financial embezzlement ).
The " Rimawi group " thereupon formed in May 1960 in Damascus, a project funded by Nasser " Revolutionary National Command of the Baath Party ," the " aflaqistischen " with the National Command in Beirut in vain rivaled the total Arab party leadership and was a new party program in August 1960. Although also the former Secretary General of the Iraqi Baath Party regional, Fuad al- Rikabi, this rival National Commando joined, but with the collapse of the Union in 1961 had to flee to Egypt Rimawi group of Syria. Unlike ar - ar - Rikabi Rimawi remained about the next few years in Egypt, holding revolutionary lectures and directed against the Baathists in Syria and Iraq or against King Hussein speeches over Radio Cairo and wrote political treatises. Under the impression of ergolgreichen Baath revolution in Iraq (February 8, 1963) and in Syria (8 March 1963) reinforced the Rimawi group again in Jordan their revolutionary actions without support of the entire Baath Party did not come a coup about.
In July, 1970, on the eve of Black September ar - Rimawi was allowed to return to Jordan in 1970. Once more he drew, this time as the king over " loyal opposition " to April 1978 in the ( purely advisory ) parliament.