The Shiite mechanical engineer Fuad al- Rikabi was commissioned by the Syrian founders of the Baath Party with the establishment of an Iraqi branch of the party. Together with Saadoun Hammadi, he founded the Iraqi Baath Party and became its first Secretary General. Party members were recruited initially from his family environment and circle of friends and out of the socially disadvantaged underclass Shiite southern Iraq, but quickly took the party's popularity even in nationalist military officers from the " Sunni Triangle" to.
At the fall of the monarchy, the Baath Party in 1958 played an important role in ar - Rikabi was as Minister of Public Order and development only in Baathist General Abd al - Karim Qasim's government. Dissatisfied with the refusal Qasim to join the United Arab Republic under the leadership of Gamal Abdel Nasser, resigned ar - Rikabi and other nationalist minister on September 30, 1958 ar - Rikabis successor as Prime Minister was initially Ibrahim Kubba, then from February 1959, the Iraqi communist Naziha ad - Dulaimi. In ar - Rikabis order Saddam Hussein in April 1959 organized an assassination attempt on Qasim, Qasim was only injured. The injured also Saddam Hussein and al- Rikabi then fled to Egypt. Because of the failed assassination operated the Syrian party founder ar - Rikabis deposition, new Secretary General of the Iraqi Baath Party was founded in 1959 initially an uncle Saddam Hussein.
From Cairo exile founded and directed ar - Rikabi then in June 1961, another ex- Baathists (among the former Baath Secretary General of Jordan, Abdallah al- Rimawi ) is a Nasserist Baath faction (National Revolutionary Command ), although after the seizure the Baath Party was defeated in February 1963. According to the preliminary fall of the Baath party as a consequence of the military coup of November 18, 1963 ar - Rikabi returned in January 1964 back to Iraq, became chairman of Nasser's Arab Socialist Union ( ASU) and in November 1964 Minister in the cabinet of ex- Baathists Tahir Yahya. ASU -General was made General Abdul Karim Farhan. Rikabis renewed withdrawal or resignation of the Minister Nasser in July 1965 paved the way for Yahya's fall and the appointment of Arif Abd ar- Razzaq Nasserist for Premier.
After coup attempts ar - Razzaqs and Farhan ASU in 1966 directly to the Iraqi president Arif, a group of ar - Rikabi split then as Arab Socialist Movement from. In vain campaigned ar - Rikabi a coalition of Nasserist, communists and left- Baathists, in the re- assumption of power by the Baath Party ar - Rikabi was sentenced to death in 1968, but then commuted to three years' imprisonment. Under still not enlightened circumstances, he was stabbed to death in prison shortly before the end of the prison in 1971 and he bled to death in hospital.