- Tōhoku Main Line ( Utsunomiya Line)
- Akabane - line
The Akabane Station (Japanese赤 羽 駅, Akabane -eki ) is a Japanese JR Higashi- Nihon (JR East) railway station in Kita, Tokyo. The endpoint of the line Shinagawa (now Akabane - line) to Shinagawa it was opened in 1885. The Akabane - line later became a branch line from the Tōhoku Main Line and branches south of the station from her. North of the main line divides into a sechsgleisige route to Ōmiya and a further west running parallel to the Tōhoku Shinkansen section which is used by the Saikyo Line.
1883 opened the first private railway company in Japan, the Nippon tetsudō (日本 鉄 道, literally: "Japan Railways " ), its first railway line between Ueno and Kumagaya. Two years later, she presented the branching connection to Shinagawa completed and opened at the connection point to the March 1, 1885 Akabane station. In 1906 he was transferred to the nationalization of Nippon Testsudō to the State Railway ( kokutetsu ), then part of the 1909 Tōhoku Main Line.
1985 was the the section of the Tōhoku Shinkansen between Ueno and Ōmiya in this area parallel to the main line. In the same year an additional distance of about Musashi - Urawa Akabane was opened after Ōmiya and since then used together with the Akabane Line as Saikyo Line.
During the clashes between the Kokutetsu and the unions in Shunto of 1973, the Akabane station was on 24 April 1973 and just over a month after the Ageo incident, the starting point of violent riots applied passengers against the strike action by the railway employees who later on other stations overlapped and led to a halt of the entire national rail network in Greater Tokyo.
1987 was the station in the division and privatization of the state railway to the JR Higashi- Nihon. To end the obstruction of traffic on the surrounding level crossings, construction work began in 1990 to increase the station tracks for elevated train, which were completed in 1998.
Design and tracks
The JR station is built into the design of a through station. He has eight tracks, which are used by four platforms in the form of island platform from. The additions are located under the tracks created a viaduct in this area. The platforms are numbered from east to west, on the west side pass the tracks of the Tōhoku Shinkansen train station.
With the exception of some extra prescription express trains ( Ohayo / Hometown Tochigi: Shinjuku Kuroiso, Akagi: Ueno Maebashi, Kusatsu: Ueno-Minakami/Manza-Kazawaguchi ) is the Akabane Station served only in regional transport, with most express trains stop there. The following neighboring stations are directly connected to it on a regular service:
The immediate area of the station Akabane is the business center of Kita- ku. On the east side there are supermarkets, shopping streets, small office buildings and a covered shopping street, which is closed to normal traffic. Directly on the western entrance three major business houses were built. Just north of the station is seibi Gakuen Tanki Daigaku, a short high school of the Salesians, with an attached elementary, middle and high school.
North West of the station is the public housing project Akabanedai Danchi, originated in the in the 1960s in 55 buildings with 3,000 apartments. As part of the government program "Urban Renaissance " (UR toshi Kiko ) more apartment houses were built there now.
With an average of 88 632 passengers per day zusteigenden Akabane occupied in 2007 under the railway stations of JR Higashi- Nihon Rank 45