Alpine skiing combined
The alpine combination is a competition in alpine skiing and grass skiing. It combines a multi-discipline sport with the strength and endurance stressful departure or the Super - G and the technically demanding slalom two very different competitions. The skiers prove their driving skills in the combination versatility.
The super combined is the current mode of the Alpine combined. It consists of only a slalom and a downhill or super-G run and is usually carried out in one day. Previously, both barrels were shortened, since the 2009/2010 season but is driven in two runs for the full length. The only exception is the Lauberhorn downhill, longest of all descents of the world cup.
The order of the two passages is not set, in most cases, however, started with downhill or super -G. For the second part of the competition only athletes allowed to start who have finished the first part.
The first international competition combination consisted of a downhill and a slalom race and found in 1928 at the premiere of the Arlberg Kandahar races.
At World Championships except in 1931, 1950 and 1952 world champions were determined in the combination. From 1956 to 1980, in addition to downhill and slalom and the giant slalom results were included. This mode is also referred to as triple combination and still used today at the Junior World Championships.
At the Olympic Winter Games in 1936, as the alpine skiing for the first time on the program, was the combination of the only alpine competition. From 1952 to 1984, in turn, this discipline was not in the Olympic program. However, since the Winter Olympics were to 1980 at the same time as World Ski Championship, Combination World Championship medals were awarded to the top three of the triple combination of the Olympic competitions Downhill, Giant Slalom and Slalom.
In the World Cup, there was from the season 1974/1975 a number of combinations per winter. These were made mostly composed of individual results of runs and slaloms, but sometimes also from downhill and giant slalom or giant slalom and slalom, and later also from downhill and super -G and super -G and slalom.
Starting in 1982, the combination was at World Championships and Olympic Games from 1988, in a separate competition, which was composed of a shortened combination downhill and two slalom runs also shorter combination. In contrast, the combinations in the World Cup were initially still two individual races.
As of 1994, the results were no longer determined by a points system, but the terms of downhill and slalom simply added. Through this mode, the stronger slalom skiers were usually preferred. This advantage should be mitigated a decade later by introducing the super combined and the associated reduction to just one slalom run.
Since 2005, the combination is in the form of super-combined in the World Cup, an independent competition. From the season 2006 /07 to 2011/12 there were for the winners of the combined World Cup ratings, as well as in other disciplines, small crystal balls. The last classic combination found by 2013 once a year at the Hahnenkamm race in Kitzbühel instead. It is composed of the individual results of the departure on Saturday and the slalom on Sunday together and counted as well as the super combination for combined World Cup standings.
At the World Championships, the super combined will be held in place of the classic combination since 2007, since 2010 also in the Olympics.
Kjetil Andre Aamodt of Norway is the most successful medal winners in the combination (WM: 3 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze; Olympia: 1 Gold, 1 Silver) and got the most wins in the discipline World Cup ( 5 times ). Most individual wins in World Cup combinations have won with 11 Phil Mahre, Pirmin Zurbriggen and Marc Girardelli.
Indoor record holder in the women's Christl Cranz are (5 world titles ), Hanni Wenzel ( 8 World Cup victories ), Janica Kostelic and Maria Hoefl - Riesch (double Olympic champion and world champion ).
The combination initially consisted of slalom and giant slalom. From the introduction of the Super -G in 1987, the combination was the total score of a Super -G race and a slalom race. In 2007 it was replaced by the super-combined, in a super -G and slalom only a passage to be driven on the same day.