Athens is a historic university town in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Ohio and also the administrative seat of Athens County.
Athens is located on the Allegheny Plateau, which is upstream of the Appalachian mountains of the east coast. The Athens County extends to the west of the Ohio River along the watershed of the lower Hocking River.
The small town of Athens is 100 km southeast of the capital, Columbus and 250 km south of Lake Erie at 39 ° 20 ' N, 82 ° 6' W39.329166666667 - 82.096111111111. At Athens over U.S. Highway 50, the last remaining transcontinental route that has not been converted to Interstate Highway and leads across nearly 5,000 miles from Ocean City, Maryland on the Atlantic east coast of the continent to San Francisco on the Pacific west coast runs.
The first European settlers settled down in 1797 in the area of the present city of Athens. The current territory of Ohio at that time was part of the Northwest Territory, however, was in 1803 an independent state, and the following year was in Athens Ohio University established the first university in the former Northwest Territory.
In 1843, the Hocking Canal opened, connecting the Ohio River with Nelsonville and south leads past Athens. 1857 Athens was connected to the national railway network.
The industrial history of the city began with the salt production and led on the production of iron through to coal mining. Today, the Ohio University is the largest employer in the city.
The city status was bestowed Athens until the year 1912, when the population exceeded the limit of 5,000 inhabitants. Today, many of the professionals from Athens in Athens County, which has a population of about 72,000 reside.
The population figures from Athens have changed only slightly over the past two decades:
- 21,265 inhabitants ( 1990 census )
- 21,342 inhabitants ( 2000 census )
- 21,909 inhabitants (Update 2007)
According to the census of 2000, there were 21,342 people in Athens, including 14,094 people in 6,271 households ( including were 1,906 families) and 7,248 in collective centers. The population density was 988 per km ². There 6,715 residential units were recorded. The racial the population was composed of 89.2 percent white, 4.5 percent Asian, 3.8 percent African American and 0.8 percent from other ethnic groups; 1.7 percent said the lineage of several ethnicities. 1.4 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino, that is Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 6,271 households out of which 12.9 per cent of children or young people who lived with them. 22.9 percent were married couples living together, 5.6 percent were single mothers and 69.6 percent were non-families. 34.5 percent of all households are holding and 12.5 percent lived in people aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size 2.72 persons.
Due to the high proportion of students, the average age (median ) of the population is only 21.5 years. The population was spread out with 5.4 percent under the age of 14, 22.9 percent 15-18 years, 45.1 percent from 20 to 24, 13.7 percent 25-44 years, 8.1 percent of 45 to 64 years, and only 4.9 percent 65 years or older. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males to 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household (median) was $ 17,122, and the median income for a family $ 53,391. Males have a median income of $ 35,849, women $ 28,866. The per capita income was $ 11,061. Under the poverty line lived 14.8 percent of families and 51.9 percent of those living in households inhabitants.
Sons and daughters of the town
- John William Brown (1913-1993), 58th Governor of Ohio
- Maya Ying Lin ( born 1959 ), artist and architect of Chinese descent, designer of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington DC
- Charles F. Scott (1864-1944), electrical engineer
- Arthur Dyer Tripp ( born 1944 ), drummer and chiropractors
- David Wilhelm ( born 1956 ), Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1993 to 1994