Axel Munthe

Axel Martin Fredrik " Puck " Munthe ( pronunciation: [ ˌ ak ː ː tə səl mɵn ], born October 31, 1857 in Oskarshamn, † February 11, 1949 in Stockholm) was a Swedish physician and author.

Work and life

Axel Munthe was born in 1857 as the son of a pharmacist. He studied medicine in Uppsala, Montpellier and Paris.

From 1880 he began to practice as a doctor in Paris and Rome. Over the years, he still worked in Naples, London and Stockholm. During his student years in Paris he was impressed by the work especially Jean -Martin Charcot. In later years he was particularly interest in the subject of psychiatry. His professional career has externally on a number of breakthroughs. He worked partly as a doctor for the lowest strata of the population, while it ran a fashion doctor's office at the same time or shortly. In Rome, he set up his practice, for example, in a house on the Spanish Steps, one that had been previously inhabited among others by John Keats. Since 1908, Munthe was physician to the Swedish Queen Victoria (born Princess of Baden ). Victoria held regularly not only as Crown Princess, but after her coronation in Capri on.

Axel Munthe became internationally known in 1929 by his memories of " The Story of San Michele ", which paved the criticism big trouble, because mixed in with Biographical fantastic to inseparability. The book's title refers to his Villa San Michele in Anacapri on the island of Capri. Among the visitors of the villa included Henry James, Oscar Wilde, Rainer Maria Rilke and Curzio Malaparte. The villa is now a museum, with a magnificent garden and extensive views over the sea.

He died on 11 February 1949 in a wing of the Royal Palace in Stockholm.


  • Sma Skizzer, 1888
  • Bref och Skizzer, 1909
  • Red Cross and Iron Cross, 1916
  • The Story of San Michele, 1929 The Story of San Michele, dt 1931 v. Uexküll Gudrun -Schwerin; current issue: Ullstein Verlag, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-548-60929-4


Under the title Axel Munthe - The doctor of San Michele the life of the doctor was shown in a movie in a German - French-Italian co-production in 1962. Directed by George Marishka, who was later replaced by Rudolf Jugert, played from a screenplay by Hans Jacoby and the music of Mario Nascimbene the actor OW Fischer, the main role. At his side acted Rosanna Schiaffino, Sonja Ziemann, Maria Mahor, Heinz Erhardt, Ingeborg Schöner, Renate Ewert and Christiane Maybach. The producer was Artur Brauner.