Badaling (八达岭 镇/八达岭 镇, zhen Bādálǐng ) is a large village in the south of Yanqing County of Beijing, China. It has an area of 96 km ² and 6220 inhabitants ( end of 2007). In Badaling is the most visited section of the Great Wall or the Great Wall. The relevant section of the Great Wall in the mountains Jundu Shan (军 都 山) was built during the Ming Dynasty, along with a military outpost reflecting the strategic importance of the location.
Badaling is composed of a population community and 15 villages. These are:
The wall of Badaling section was heavily restored and was when it opened in 1957, the first section of the wall, which could be visited by tourists. Today, the area is visited by millions of people, and the immediate environment underwent significant development, including the construction of hotels, restaurants, and a cable car. The recently completed Badaling Expressway (八达岭 高速公路, Badaling Gaosu Gonglu ) connects Badaling with Beijing.
This wall section provides the background again and again for public events. Richard Nixon visited Thus, on 24 February 1972, his wife this point during his historic trip to China. During the 2008 Olympic Games Badaling and the expressway were the venue for the final round of the road cycling race. Some laps of the course passed through the wall at the gates.
The Badaling section of the Great Wall (万里长城-八达岭, Wanli Changcheng - Badaling ) is on the list of monuments of the People's Republic of China ( 1-101 ) since 1961. UNESCO declared the Great Wall of China 1987 World Heritage Site. The folk tales from the Badaling section of the Great Wall (八达岭 长城 传说, Badaling Changcheng chuanshuo ) are on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China ( Ranked # 519 ). (English name: China Great Wall Museum ) is a museum in 1994 on the various aspects of the Great Wall was opened.