Beverly Hills, California
Los Angeles County
Beverly Hills is a city in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, United States. It is completely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles and is therefore often erroneously considered this district. Beverly Hills has a total area of 14.7 km ² and 34,109 inhabitants (as of 2010). The place is known as the home of many prominent American actors, directors and other wealthy inhabitants of the metropolitan area of Los Angeles.
The area of present-day Beverly Hills was explored by Spanish explorers. In 1769, several soldiers left, led by Gaspar de Portola, who explored on behalf of the Spanish King Alta California, camp in the area of present-day Los Angeles and advanced into the area on today's Wilshire Boulevard. Junipero Serra also belonged to this group.
1852 Maria Rita Valdez De Villa filed a petition for the acquisition of 4539 acres (18 km ²) a. In this they had built a house, which stood in the northwest of present-day Sunset Boulevard. Mary sold their land, which they called Rancho Rodeo de Las Aguas, in 1854 for $ 4,000 to Henry Hancock. Wheat, cattle, oil, and wool were the income of the ranch until 1868. During the same year Edward Preuss bought the ranch for the price of 10,775 U.S. dollars. However, he sold the land to Charles and Henry Hammel thinkers who used the land for the crop of lima beans.
Finally, in 1900, acquired an oil company the area. However, until 1906, the oil drilling proved to be unprofitable. That's why the entire country has been divided to the area of land and roads that were surrounded by palm trees, acacias, eucalyptus and pepper trees. The planning took Wilbur D. Cook and Frederic Law. The area was called Beverly Hills; Named were the Beverly Farms on the east coast in Massachusetts, a summer resort area of wealthy Bostonians and New Yorkers. As of 1914, the first people came to the new city in 1919 with the actors Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford, the first celebrities. This built their common property, which is known as Pick Fair.
In the early 1920s, the area had a large enough population density, so that the issue of water supply to the topic was. The usual solution to seek eingemeinden to Los Angeles, met with considerable resistance, supported among others by the more prominent residents of the entertainment industry.
1925 Beverly Hills has been increased by the application of the 385 -acre campus of UCLA. In the same year Will Rogers became the first mayor of the city. The town hall was built in 1931.
During the period of National Socialism in Europe was Beverly Hills residence of many emigrants. Thus lived and Others, the author Franz Werfel, who died in Beverly Hills in 1945, Alma Mahler- Werfel to 1951 and the world-renowned conductor Bruno Walter until his death in 1962 here.
In the first census in 1836, 29 people lived on the face of today's Beverly Hills. 1914, there were 550 and in 1930 18,000. In a census in 1960 the population was 32,000, in 1990 it amounted to 31,971.
Over the years Beverly Hills has always been exclusive by hotels like the Beverly Wilshire, companies like AMPAS and boutiques of fashion companies such as Gucci or Prada. On Wilshire Boulevard is the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, traditionally the annual live television broadcast of the Oscar nominations take place in the in January.
Beverly Hills is located on hilly terrain and houses mainly elegant homes in magnificent gardens. The streets are lined with palm trees and manicured gardens. With the Rodeo Drive of the site has one of the most expensive shopping streets in the world.
The nearby Hollywood studios use the place again and again for film and television productions, including Beverly Hills Cop ( 1984), Pretty Woman (1990) and Beverly Hills, 90210 ( 1990-2000). The postal code ( zip code) of the city, 90210, was internationally known.
Under the city lies the Beverly Hills oil field.
The 33 784 inhabitants in 2000, living in 15,035 households. The population density was 2300.5 per km ². 85.06 % were White, 1.77% African American, 0.13 % Native American, 7.05 % Asian, 0.03 % Pacific islands of immigrants and 1.50 % residual origins. 4.46% were people of mixed race, 4.63% Hispanics.
Of the 15,035 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18. 43.8 % of households consisted of married families, 8.1% of single mothers and 45.0 % of those living alone. 38.2 % were singles living alone and 11.3 % over 65 years. The average household consisted of 2.24 persons and the average family of 3.02.
20 % of the population were under 18, 6.3 % from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.8 % between 45 and 65 and 17.6 % over 65 average age was 41 years. The ratio of women to men was 100:83,5, for age 18 and over, the ratio 100:79,4.
The average income of a household is U.S. $ 70 945 per year. Males have a median income of U.S. $ 74,004, while it has a value in women 46 217 U.S. $. The per capita income for the city is $ 65,507 in the U.S.. 9.1 % of the population and 7.9 % of families live in poverty. Of the people who live below the poverty line, 9.5% are under the age of 18 and 7.9 % over 65 years.
In Beverly Hills there is a large Iranian community: 20 % of residents and 40 % of the pupils or students are now Iranian origin.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Elijah Blue Allman, singer and guitarist
- John Drew Barrymore, actor
- Candice Bergen, actress
- Carrie Fisher, actress and author
- Jenette Goldstein, Actress
- Tim Holt, actor
- Logan Lerman, actor
- Amy Rodriguez, footballer
- Hotel Beverly Wilshire
- Beverly Hilton
- The Beverly Hills Hotel
- Hotel Montage
- Hotel Pick fair