Template: Infobox city in Turkey / Maintenance / County
Bodrum is a town with 30 688 inhabitants in the province of Muğla in southwestern Turkey.
- 3.1 Museums
- 3.2 Structures
- 4.1 boatbuilding
- 4.2 Tourism
- 4.3 traffic
The city on the Aegean coast lies the hinterland away in a theater -like Geländeausbuchtung from the foothills of the Taurus Mountains. The coastal landscape in Bodrum is divided by rich islands, peninsulas, bays and capes. In about half an hour by boat to reach the Greek island of Kos.
Bodrum, the ancient Halicarnassus (Greek Ἁλικαρνασσός ), is famous mainly through the mausoleum, a tomb, the Persian satrap of Caria, and King of Mausolus was still erect in his lifetime. This immense mausoleum was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. According to him, similar constructions " mausoleums " were mentioned. It was probably destroyed by an earthquake in the 14th century; Remains of the building are installed in the St John Castle of St Peter. Some of the sculptures were brought to the British Museum in London.
After the destruction by Alexander the Great Halicarnassus never achieved more its former importance.
The St. Petersburg was built in 1420 by the Crusaders in 1523 and fell to the Ottomans without a fight into their own hands, as the Knights of Rhodes tasks. Under the Ottomans, it was used until the 20th century as a place of exile. In the early modern Bodrum sank to the status of an unknown and remote fishing village. The impetus for today's development as a resort and artists' colony was the poet and painter Cevat Sakir. Exiled to Bodrum, he gathered his artist friends around them, founded the " Blue Travel " by using the local gulets and created the now typical white painted flat roof house with its characteristic roof corners. So was the "Fisherman of Halicarnassus " the founder of today's tourist boom.
Culture and sights
In the Castle of St. Peter is a remarkable underwater museum. The showpiece is the ship of Uluburun, a wreck from the Bronze Age, which was lifted along with cargo and equipment. About the origin of the ship, there are many guesses as they found items from the Mycenaean Greece, Cyprus, Canaan, Persia, Egypt, and Assyria in the wreck and also came the personal belongings of the crew from many countries. Perhaps a large part of the charge for a Mycenaean palace was intended, but it may also be that merchants were on board, of which those wooden writing board used, which remained also obtained.
Since 2011 there is a marine museum ( " Deniz Muzesi " ), dedicated to the centuries-long shipbuilding tradition. There is a large collection of ship models; on charts and photos, the history of shipbuilding, fishing, sponge fishing and passenger shipping is documented. Furthermore, there is an extensive permanent collection of shells from all over the world.
From antiquity remained the Myndos Gate with parts of the city walls, a theater on the hillside with the southern Aegean as a prospectus, as well as some ruins of temples all over the place and distributed spoils.
Bodrum characteristic white houses pull themselves around high on the slopes. The stage is the ideal natural harbor with the upstream Crusader castle ( Castle of St. Peter, Bodrum Kalesi ).
The Castle of St. Peter is almost completely preserved and can compete with the most magnificent castles in Europe such as Chillon Château- Gaillard, his weirs and towers are mostly Frankish and partly Byzantine origin. Today it houses rich figural decoration of various eras.
Economy and infrastructure
Bodrum was in ancient times a center of boat building, at least since the time of Mausolus. Ptolemy had BC build here in the 3rd century its warships. Today, in the area built gulets have great similarity with the large vessels for the transport and the longships antiquity for the fight, as they are also described in Homer. Today, the traditional sailing ships are again a popular commodity and a growth industry.
Thanks to its location and the warm but windy Mediterranean climate enjoys Bodrum is growing tourist influx, the whole region owes its economic boom. The summer visitors come mainly from Great Britain, the Netherlands, Germany and a growing number of Eastern European countries such as Serbia and the countries of the former Soviet Union. Many families from Istanbul and Ankara have here on a summer house and see the city as their residence. In Bodrum are ideal conditions for surfing, diving and all kinds of water sports. By local / government regulations building in Bodrum is limited to a maximum of two storeys, which distinguishes it from other Bodrum Turkish tourist resorts.
Bodrum has a marina and about 30 km from the city center remote international Bodrum-Milas Airport. More distant airports with international connections are in the cities of Izmir and Dalaman. From the bus station of the city there are excellent connections to many major cities of Turkey.
- Mausolus II Carian ruler in the 4th century BC
- Artemisia II, wife of Mausolus II
- Herodotus, the Greek historian and ethnologist in the 5th century BC
- Avram Galanti Bodrumlu (1873-1961), Turkish author, philosopher and journalist of Jewish faith
- Cevat Sakir (1890-1973), Turkish writer and journalist
- Zeki Muren (1931-1996), Turkish poet, composer and singer
- Janet Akyuz Mattei (1943-2004), American astronomer and Planetologin
The district consists of the following municipalities: Bitez, Göltürkbükü, Gumusluk, Gündoğan, Gumbet, Konacık, Mumcular, Ortakent, Torba, Turgutreis, Yalı, Yalikavak.
Next there are the following places that are not municipalities: Akyarlar, Bahçeyakası, ÇAMLIK, Çömelekçi, Dağbelen, Dereköy, Gökpinar, Gürece, Guvercinlik Islamhaneleri, Kemer, Kumköy, Mazikoy, Peksimet, Pinarlıbelen, Tepecik, Sazköy, Yakaköy, Yeniköy