Deconstruction is an architectural style that makes the claim of a detachment of postmodernism. Following the deconstruction of Jacques Derrida to be subjected to a simultaneous destruction and a new design in architecture structure and form.
Development and emergence
The term deconstruction as a movement in architecture has probably had its beginning not only with the 1988 by Philip Johnson, Heiko herds and Mark Wigley staged exhibition " Deconstructivist Architecture " at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, shown in the work of seven architects were: Frank Gehry, Daniel Libeskind, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Eisenman, Zaha Hadid, Coop Himmelb (l) au, and Bernard Tschumi. The development towards this style began about 10 years ago with the house by Frank Gehry in Santa Monica, which is considered the first deconstructivist building.
Went into the architecture ( and is ) always there to some extent to the organization of the function of guaranteeing the aesthetics determined and defined by the ratio of tectonics supports and weights. It was in consequence therefore not uncommon therefore to construct buildings in reliance on simple geometric solids (cube, cylinder, sphere, pyramid, cone, etc.). Deviations from the values of harmony, unity and stability were detached from the structure and treated as an ornament. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Russian avant-garde broke with the classical rules of composition, using pure forms at oblique geometric compositions to create. Vladimir Tatlin and the brothers Vesnin tried this to be transferred to the architecture, but returned in the final draft stage always come back to stable forms. This is the point of deconstructive architecture. You want the structure to disclose they break and its instability to become visible. For this reason, the concept of deconstruction is unfortunate, because it is not about the deconstruction of architecture, but about clearly making the tectonic moment these buildings.
" A deconstructive architect is therefore not one who buildings dismantled, but someone who localized problems inherent in the buildings. The deconstructive architect treated the pure forms of the architectural tradition as a psychiatrist his patients - he notes the symptoms of a repressed impurity. This impurity is brought on by a combination of smooth flattery and violent torture to the surface: The form to be questioned ".
Jacques Derrida and Peter Eisenman worked for a time on various projects together and led a dialogue that ultimately went in a big row apart ( the dispute, documented in the form of an exchange of letters found in: Eisenman 1995). Today, except for the name of equality and a rather superficial similarity practice there is no real connection between the deconstruction in philosophy and literature and deconstruction in architecture.
- Loft Conversion Falkestraße of Coop Himmelb (l) au, 1983-1988
- Stone house in stone village of Günther Domenig, 1986-2001
- Hysolar Institute in Stuttgart by Günter Behnisch, 1987
- Vitra Design Museum by Frank O. Gehry, 1989
- Fire station of the design firm Vitra in Weil am Rhein by Zaha Hadid, 1991-1993
- Museo Guggenheim Bilbao by Frank Gehry, 1991-1997
- Jewish Museum in Berlin by Daniel Libeskind, 1993-1999
- Felix- Nussbaum-Haus in Osnabrück by Daniel Libeskind, 1995-1998
- New Zollhof in Dusseldorf by Frank O. Gehry, 1997-1999
- Ufa Crystal Palace by Coop Himmelb (l) au, 1997-1998
- New Synagogue Mainz by Manuel Herz 2008-2010
- House of Music in Aalborg by Coop Himmelb ( l) au, 2010-2014.
Domenig Steinhaus am Ossiachersee
Hysolar House, University of Stuttgart
Fire station of the Vitra Design, Weil am Rhein
Facade of the Museo Guggenheim Bilbao ( Frank Gehry - Year 1997)
Jewish Museum, Berlin
Dancing House, Prague ( Milunić / Gehry )
New Zollhof, Dusseldorf
Ufa's Crystal Palace in Dresden (Coop Himmelb (l) au - Year 1998)
Libeskind's Imperial War Museum North in Manchester
Frank Gehry 's Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles ( 2003 model)
Synagogue of Mainz