Daniel Libeskind

Daniel Libeskind ( born May 12, 1946 in Łódź, Poland ) is an American architect and urban planner of Polish origin. He is known for his multi-disciplinary approach and a new critical discourse in architecture. His main works include major cultural institutions, such as the Jewish Museum Berlin, the Felix Nussbaum Haus in Osnabrück, the Denver Art Museum and the Imperial War Museum North in Manchester, as well as landscape and urban planning, and drafts of exhibitions, stage designs and installations. In summer 2002, he staged with " Saint François d' Assise " by Olivier Messiaen at the Deutsche Oper in Berlin for the first time an opera. The first plans for himself under construction One World Trade Center in New York were made ​​by him, but as you found them too utopian, the task was passed on to David Childs. Currently (as of 05/ 2013) is built to his design, the King- arc in Dusseldorf.


Libeskind was born on May 12, 1946 in Łódź ( Poland) Jewish descent. 1957 parents emigrated to Israel.

Libeskind and his family moved in 1960 to the USA in 1965 and took American citizenship to. He studied music in Israel and in New York and worked as a professional musician since he was already as a child prodigy on the accordion. Later he moved from music to architecture. In 1970 he completed his studies at the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art in New York City, and in 1972 a master's degree in architectural history and theory at the School of Comparative Studies at the University of Essex from. From 1978 to 1985 Libeskind was dean of the faculty of architecture known Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He has received numerous honorary doctorates, as 1997 by the Humboldt University and in 1999 by his former place of study, the University of Essex.

In 1989 he moved with his family to Berlin, where he founded the architectural firm " Studio Daniel Libeskind ." After he won the architectural tender for construction of the World Trade Center in February 2003, he moved his headquarters to New York City, where he lives today. Offices in Zurich and Milan.

Libeskind taught at the universities of Yale, London, Zurich, St. Gallen, Graz, Karlsruhe and Lüneburg.

At the University of Lüneburg Libeskind took 2007 appointed professor " architectural design " and teaches there today, especially in the opening weekend, as well as in complementary studies.

2010 Libeskind was awarded the Buber- Rosenzweig Medal: "Always succeeds Libeskind, to produce by the inspiring space of his works a dialogue between architecture and history of the Jews, which one can not escape. " ( German Coordinating Council for the award )

Architectural language

Daniel Libeskind's architecture is characterized by a narrative form language. He uses elements that explicitly refer to non- architectonic content semantically and thereby get a different meaning. Examples of this include the "Tower of the Holocaust" in the Berlin Jewish Museum or the amount of the projected him the Freedom Tower (now One World Trade Center ) as a new building of the destroyed World Trade Center, which - measured in U.S. Feet - the year of the Independence of the United States of America corresponding to 1776. Libeskind's architectural drawings are often downright littered with verbal references that make their projects in a place other than the self- evident from the architectural context of meaning.

This approach also always leads to considerable controversy about its architecture. On one hand, Libeskind is praised for his complex understanding of architecture, with which he opens up new architectural expression. On the other hand, it is often subject to fierce criticism. So he is accused, he frachte his projects with incomprehensible theories and symbolism that do not reveal themselves to the users of its buildings. The ambitious claim and the built reality did not come by to cover. During guided tours to visitors in part be explained parts of the building such as the Garden of Exile or the tower of the Holocaust. Libeskind is often referred to as the representative of deconstruction, but he himself rejects this typing.


  • Reflections ( Keppel Bay) a block of flats with high-rise and low-rise villas in Singapore. completed in 2011
  • Reconstruction of the main building of the Military History Museum of the Bundeswehr in Dresden, since mid-2004 until the reopening on October 15, 2011
  • Westside, a leisure and shopping center in Bern ( new Brünnen - quarters ), Switzerland. completed in 2008
  • Contemporary Jewish Museum, San Francisco, USA. completed in 2008
  • Michael Lee -Chin Crystal, extension to the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, Canada. completed in 2007
  • Frederic C. Hamilton Building, extension to the Denver Art Museum, USA. completed in 2006
  • Maurice welfare Convention Centre at Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan. completed in 2005
  • Interior construction of the Jewish Museum in the historic boathouse Copenhagen. completed in 2004
  • London Metropolitan University, London, England. The Graduate Center was completed in March 2004.
  • Studio Weil, with the work and exhibition spaces of the artist Barbara Weil in Mallorca, Spain. completed in 2003
  • Imperial War Museum North, completed in the port area of Manchester in 2001, designed as a mesh layering of roofs with the association of a shattered world and the elements of air, water, earth, corresponding to both branches of service.
  • Jewish Museum Berlin, completed in 1999. The real visitors tour follows three divergent " axes": the Axis of Continuity, the Axis of Exile and the axis of the Holocaust.
  • Felix- Nussbaum-Haus, a museum of the city of Osnabrück, opened in 1998. A Libeskind sentence: "The plan points out the need for the integration of the new and the old, beyond the respective outer appearance. " The Felix Nussbaum House was the first building that was built and opened by him.

Public collections

  • Screen Printing Line of Fire (1988 ) at the Migros Museum for Contemporary Art


  • The Spiral, extension to the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Draft of 1996/2004
  • Konzerthaus Musicon Bremen, draft 1995
  • JVC University in Guadalajara, Mexico
  • Holocaust Centre in Manchester, England
  • Participation in the re-urbanization of the former SS terrain in Sachsenhausen
  • Skyscraper Zlota 44 in Warsaw ( planned completion 2012)
  • Competition and contract for currently the world's most famous construction project, the Freedom Tower at the World Trade Center site with Ground Zero in New York, won in February 2003, foundation stone was laid on July 4, 2004
  • Concept development for a future campus of the University of Lüneburg
  • Kings bow, comprehensive transformation with two buildings on the former Jan- Wellem place in Dusseldorf, realization 2009-2013
  • Libeskind Villa, Administration Building Rheinzink in dates
  • Beth Shalom Reform Synagogue in Munich