Edmund Szoka

Edmund Casimir Szoka, Cardinal ( born September 14, 1927 in Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA) is an emeritus Archbishop of Detroit and retired Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.


Edmund Casimir Szoka is the son of Kazimierz and Maria née Wolgat, who immigrated from Poland to the United States. He studied at the St. Michael School in Muskegon and was ordained a priest on June 5, 1954 by Bishop of Marquette, Thomas Noa. 1955 appointed him Bishop Noa as his personal secretary. From 1957 to 1959 Szoka studied canon law at Rome. Pope Paul VI. gave him on 14 November 1963 honorary title house Prelate of His Holiness.

On June 11, 1971 Pope Paul VI appointed him. Bishop of Gaylord. He received his episcopal consecration of the Archbishop of Detroit, John Francis Cardinal Dearden, on 20 July 1971.

On March 11, 1981 Szoka was appointed by Pope John Paul II appointed Archbishop of Detroit.

June 28, 1988 John Paul II took him a cardinal priest with the titular church of Santi Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio to the College of Cardinals.

The management of the Archdiocese of Detroit he lays down in 1990 after John Paul II had appointed him as President of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See to the Curia in Rome on 28 April 1990.

On 14 October 1997, he was named to the President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State and on 22 February 2001 in addition President of the Governorate of Vatican City, the executive body of the political system of the Vatican State.

He participated in the conclave for the election of Benedict XVI. in part. This confirmed him in office and initially took on June 22, 2006, his age-related resignation with effect on September 15, 2006.

Membership in the Roman Curia

Edmund Casimir Szoka, Cardinal was a member of the following Congregations of the Roman Curia:

  • Secretariat of State ( second section ) (until 2007)
  • Congregation for the Causes of Saints (until 2007)
  • Congregation for Bishops (until 2007)
  • Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples (until 2007)
  • Congregation for the Clergy (until 2007)
  • Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life (up to 2007)


  • 2005: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic