Eibsee Cable Car

The Eibseeseilbahn is a cable car between the base station at Eibsee and the mountain station at the Zugspitze peak. It overcomes this with almost 2000m of all aerial tramways in the world the greatest height difference within a section. Operator is the Bavarian Zugspitze Railway Mountain Railroad, Inc. ( BZB ), a subsidiary of Community Works Garmisch -Partenkirchen.


They wanted to bring tourists quickly to the Zugspitze summit, as it with gear, and hilltops train was common by then and therefore decided to build a tramway from Eibsee directly to the summit.

The construction of the Eibseeseilbahn by the company Ernst Heckel in Saarbrücken began in 1961. During construction, the company Heckel merged with the companies of the two major German cable car pioneers Julius Pohlig and Adolf Bleichert to the new Pohlig - Heckel Bleichert (PHB ). In 1961 they completed the shell of the valley station and the two supports. Due to the unfavorable weather conditions, the construction work covered however by the end of 1962 out.

The maiden voyage on December 1, 1962 threw himself due to over braking, a pull rope on a supporting rope. Slowly, the cabin had to drive to the valley - the inauguration failed initially. Two weeks later, the suspension rope was thrown in a hurricane, despite safety precautions, so that additional storm fuses had to be installed.

On May 15, 1963, the train finally took on the public service.

The Eibseeseilbahn part of the Bavarian Zugspitze Railway today. From the Austrian Ehrwald can be reached by the Tyrolean Zugspitze Railway on Germany's highest peak.

Currently in planning to replace the cable car with a modern and larger web to increase the transport capacity. This new path is to be built to offset current to interfere with the operation as little as possible.


The Eibseeseilbahn is executed after the double catenary cable system and Doppelzugseil aerial tramway. The base station is designed as a drive tensioning station, while in the opposite station ( mountain station ) is merely a reversal of scaffolding, this is so far curious, as the drive of aerial tramways is normally situated in the mountain station, as this reduces wear and the necessary starting power, but what in this case has not been possible because of the space at the top. The drive group mainly consists of the main and auxiliary drives and the emergency drive. The main drive has 750 kW, 100 kW the auxiliary drive and the emergency power 192 kW. Furthermore, located in the valley station of the attached to the propeller shaft and the service brakes acting directly on the drive sheave safety brakes that can be triggered by the safety circuit and can cause a shutdown of the rail against the running engine. In 2005, the entire drive assembly including the drive pulleys by Doppelmayr was reconditioned.

Both cabins have a capacity of 44 1 (44 passengers and cabin attendants ) persons. They are lightweight, according to the standard at that time, been produced by the company Zarges. The cabins are on the hanger, here's a Fachwerkgehänge, connected to the 16 - friable drives. The drives have per lane four on-board brakes and have the opportunity in case of danger, to throw off the lift cords. The drive has also already have a sway control, which reduces the rocking back and forth in the cabin path axis.

These are fitted with a fixed clamp on two traction cables driven by the motor diameter of 28 mm. The lane represent the four 46 mm thick supporting cables in fully sealed design represents the suspension ropes are tired in the drive station and are attached to the mountain at four bollards. On the route the cables are managed by two support posts in the framework construction of 65 m and 85 m height.

One particular incident occurred in December 1962 when at night a strong hurricane lifted a suspension rope from the saddle and it crashed. However, it is not entirely clear whether the crash was not caused by the large Eisbehang, finally, the collateral circulation have been carried out according to internationally accepted standards. Due to this special event fall protection have been developed.

When the Eibseeseilbahn was handed over to the public operation on 15 May 1963 it was compared with other aerial tramways that time, already outdated with a capacity of only about 300 people per hour, but what is not even the limited space at the top, the larger cabins permitted, as well as the very large oblique length of the cable car is owed. These cramped conditions also require special Eibsee cable car. The lane widens towards the mountain station, so that the platforms of the two in the same building scale, but with a separate waiting area and platform per track rope running mountain stations 24 meters apart. Furthermore, the two lanes of Eibseeseilbahn are shifted a meter in the longitudinal direction by about. To date, the Eibseeseilbahn overcomes with 1950 m height difference of the largest ever realized in a section height difference of all aerial tramways.