With European Championship, often abbreviated as EM or EUM, referred to one of individual athletes, individual teams or national teams at European level discharged sporting competition, mostly as a tournament, which is held by the respective European Union and for the participating athletes or teams usually must qualify sporty in continental qualification events or at national level. From European Championships is when more than one winner in a competition are determined, for example, in several disciplines in athletics or different weight classes in wrestling. The determined at the end winners will get the title of European Champion, which is awarded by the respective sports federation. A competition for the club sport at European level is the European Cup. A fully registered global level sporting competition for teams is the World Cup. Colloquially the term often European football championship of men meant.
Current European Championships
The usually every four years held EFAF European Championship A- Group, the official name of the American Football Championship, is the highest European competition for national teams and will be played by the European Federation of American Football ( EFAF ). Under this there is the B- Group and C- Group competition for weaker teams. In July 2005, she was held in Malmö, Sweden and instead should actually be held next in June 2009 in Helsinki, Finland, but the organizing committee had the EFAF announce that the competition in Finland can not be held would. In a re-allocation the EFAF awarded the Championship to Germany, she was held in 2010 in Hesse.
For the first time the European Championship was held in 1983 in Castel Giorgio, Italy, where Italy won. Record European champion Finland with five titles. Germany has so far been twice (2001 and 2010) European champion, 1987, 2000 and 2005 they were runner-up and 1983, 1985, 1989 and 1993 the German or West German select third parties. Austria was third once so far and that in 1995 the European Championship on home soil. Switzerland was not yet represented among the top three.
Reigning European champions: Germany Germany ( 26:10 against France on 31 July 2010 in Frankfurt )
Badminton European Championships will published every two years since 1968 in the disciplines of men's singles, men's doubles, women's singles, women's doubles and mixed doubles instead. European Junior Championships will be played since 1969, team championships since 1972, Senior European Championships since 1995, European Championships for disabled athletes since 1995, University since 2004 European Championships and European Youth Championships since 2005.
The bi -annual FIBA Euro Basket, the official name of the European Basketball Championship, is the highest European competition for national teams and will be held by FIBA Europe. It took place in Spain in September 2007. In the final, Russia defeated the host and then reigning world champion Spain just with 60:59. For the first time the European Championship was held in 1935 in Geneva, Switzerland, where Latvia won. Record European Champion is the Soviet Union with thirteen titles. Germany has so far been once ( in 1993 ) European champion.
Reigning European champions: France France Reigning European champion U20: Serbia Serbia
The all four yearly UEFA Euro, the official name of the European Football Championship, is the highest European competition for national teams and will be held by the Union of European Football Associations ( UEFA ). The European Championships of 2016 will be held between 24 finalists in France. For the first time the European Championship was held in 1960 still under the name of European Nations' Cup in France, where the Soviet Union won. Record European champions Germany (1972, 1980, 1996) and Spain ( 1964, 2008 and 2012 ), each with three titles.
Reigning European champions: Spain
The annually held European Weightlifting Championships are the most prestigious European competition for weightlifters, their associations are members of the European Weightlifting Federation (EWF ), from which the Europe championships are held. In April 2010, the European Championships were held in Minsk ( Belarus ), the subsequent April 2011 was held in Kazan ( Russia). It will be held a total of 15 decisions in the eight weight classes for men and seven weight classes of women.
The bi -annual EHF European Championship, the official name of the European Handball Championship, is the highest European competition for national teams and will be played by the European Handball Federation (EHF ). It took place in 2008 in Norway with sixteen participants. The finale, which Denmark with 24:20 won against Croatia in itself, was the last of more than 25 games, spread over five venues, on 27 January 2008. During 2010, France put in the final against Croatia by, the venue was Austria. In January 2012, Denmark won the final match against Serbia.
For the first time the European Championship was held in Portugal in 1994, where Sweden won. Record European champion is also Sweden with three titles. Germany was once so far in 2004 European Champion.
Reigning European Champion: Denmark Denmark
The bi -annual Euro Hockey Nations Championship, the official name of the European Hockey Championships is the most prestigious European competition for national teams and will be played by the European Hockey Federation (EHF ). Under this there is the Trophy, Challenge I and Challenge II Competition for weaker teams. They took place in 2007 in Manchester, England instead. In 2009, she was held in Amsterdam, in 2011 in Mönchengladbach instead.
For the first time the European Championship 1970 in Brussels, Belgium was held, where West Germany won. Record European champion is also Germany with six titles.
Also every two years there is the Euro Hockey Indoor Nations Championship. This competition will be held in the men's since 1974 and was initially always won by Germany. Only in 2008 succeeded the Russian team in Yekaterinburg to break the German supremacy, 2010 in Almere, the Netherlands was the title of Austria. In 2012, the tournament was held in Leipzig, where Germany won again.
Main article, see European Athletics Championships and European Championships Indoor Athletics
European Athletics Championships are competitions which are conducted by the European Athletic Association, the European continental federation to determine champions in each track and field disciplines.
The European title competitions outdoors has been around since 1934. Until 1966, they were having a war break ( 1942) every four years, always aligned with the " half" of the Olympics. After a few deviations sat down again in 1974 by the four-year rhythm. Since 2010, continuing in the biennial rhythm in the Olympics without the competitions in years walking and marathon.
European Championships, there are also available in the hall. There they were held for the first time in 1970, and thus replaced the organized since 1966 European Indoor Games. Until 1990, the European Indoor Championships were held annually, thereafter almost entirely every two years.
The bi -annual CEV European Championship, the official name of the European Volleyball Championship, is the highest European competition for national teams and is of the Confédération Européenne de Volleyball ( CEV) discharged. She found in Russia in 2007 with sixteen participants. The winner was the first time Spain by a 3:2 ( 25:18, 20:25, 24:26, 30:28, 16:14 ) victory against hosts Russia. In 2009, Poland won in Turkey, in 2011 Serbia on shared host Austria and the Czech Republic.
For the first time the European Championship was held in Rome, Italy in 1948, where Czechoslovakia won. Record European Champion is the Soviet Union and its successor the CIS with twelve tracks. Germany have not previously been European champions.
Reigning European champions: Spain
The Rugby FIRA Championship is usually held once a year. The giants of the Lord is by far France. The Rugby Championship began unofficially in 1936. After the Second World War, the first official European Championships took place in 1952.
From the season 1973 /74 European Cup was transformed into a European Championship, which will take place in the league system - with promotion and relegation between the three divisions (A to C). The teams now play in their group in a simple round of everyone against everyone.
The competition format changed several times in the series: The length of playing time varied between one and two years. The number of countries per division could be five or six, in the lower classes even less. At times, the divisions were divided (A1 and A2, etc.).
Since 1995, a Women's Championship takes place.
- Baseball Championship
- Biathlon European Championships
- Cricket Championship
- Debating Championship
- Three Band Championship
- Binding Championship
- European Figure Skating Championships
- European ski mountaineering
- European Nations Cup Rugby League
- Inline Speed Skating European Championships
- Judo European Championships
- Karate Championship
- Climbing Championship
- Kubb Championship
- Lacrosse Championship
- Motorcycle Championship
- Mountainbike Championship
- Natural Track Luge Championship
- Pétanque Championship
- Pool Billiards Championship
- Rhythmic - Gymnastics European Championships
- Rowing European Championships
- European Swimming Championships
- Sailing Championships
- Short Track Championships
- Squash Championship
- Swingolf European
- Taekwondo Championships
- Dance Sport European Championships (Latin )
- Dance Sport European Championships (wheelchair dance)
- Dance Sport European Championships ( Standard)
- Dance Sport European Championships ( over ten dances)
- Table Hockey Championship
- Table Tennis Championship
- Trampoline Championships
- Truck Racing Championship
- Gymnastics European Championships ( Gymnastics )
- Underwater Rugby Championship
- Water Polo Championships
Former European Championships
- Hockey Championship
- Grand Prix Championship
- Grass Skiing Championship